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Substrate Report for: Palmitoylcarnitine

Palmitoylcarnitine is a long-chain fatty acid ester of carnitine which facilitates the transfer of long-chain fatty acids from cytoplasm into mitochondria during the oxidation of fatty acids


General
Type Fatty acid ester, Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester, Hexadecanoate
Chemical_Nomenclature 3-hexadecanoyloxy-4-(trimethylazaniumyl)butanoate
Canonical SMILES CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)OC(CC(=O)[O-])C[N+](C)(C)C
InChI InChI=1S/C23H45NO4/c1-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-23(27)28-21(19-22(25)26)20-24(2,3)4/h21H,5-20H2,1-4H3
InChIKey XOMRRQXKHMYMOC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Other name(s) O-palmitoylcarnitine ; O-hexadecanoylcarnitine ; CHEBI:73067
________________________________________________________________________________________________
MW|399.61
Formula|C23H45NO4
CAS_number|1935-18-8
PubChem|461
UniChem|XOMRRQXKHMYMOC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
IUPHAR|
Wikipedia|

Target
Families | Palmitoylcarnitine ligand of proteins in family: Carb_B_Chordata
Protein | mouse-Ces2c

References:
Search PubMed for references concerning: Palmitoylcarnitine
    Title: Purification, molecular cloning, and functional expression of inducible liver acylcarnitine hydrolase in C57BL/6 mouse, belonging to the carboxylesterase multigene family
    Furihata T, Hosokawa M, Nakata F, Satoh T, Chiba K
    Ref: Archives of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 416:101, 2003 : PubMed

            

    Title: Subcellular localization of non-specific carboxylesterases, acylcarnitine hydrolase, monoacylglycerol lipase and palmitoyl-CoA hydrolase in rat liver
    Mentlein R, Rix-Matzen H, Heymann E
    Ref: Biochimica & Biophysica Acta, 964:319, 1988 : PubMed

            

    Title: Specificity of two different purified acylcarnitine hydrolases from rat liver, their identity with other carboxylesterases, and their possible function
    Mentlein R, Reuter G, Heymann E
    Ref: Archives of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 240:801, 1985 : PubMed