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Family Report for: Chlorophyllase

Name Class
ChlorophyllaseRank1
Gene_locus (1017)
Gene_locus_Frgt (77)
BlockL
PaperTsuchiya_1999_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_96_15362
Tsuchiya_2003_Plant.Cell.Physiol_44_96
Arkus_2005_Arch.Biochem.Biophys_438_146
Hortensteiner_2006_Annu.Rev.Plant.Biol_57_55
Structure7YME
7YM9
EC_number3.1.1.14
InterproIPR017395 Chlorophyllase
CommentThis family consists of several plant specific Chlorophyllase proteins (EC: 3.1.1.14). Chlorophyllase (Chlase) is the first enzyme involved in chlorophylle (Chl) degradation and catalyses the hydrolysis of ester bond to yield chlorophyllide and phytol The family includes both plant bacteria and Amphioxus members. However Chlorophyllase is not localized to plastids, and double knockout mutant plants still are able to degrade chlorophyll during leaf senescence. So pheophytinase is a new pathway. Chlorophyllase could be more important in fruit rippening
PfamPF07224 Chlorophyllase
PIRSFPIRSF038128 (Chlorophyllase_chloroplast)
SubstrateChlorophyll

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Mail to: Nicolas Lenfant, Thierry Hotelier, Yves Bourne, Pascale Marchot and Arnaud Chatonnet.
Please cite: Lenfant 2013 Nucleic.Acids.Res. or Marchot Chatonnet 2012 Prot.Pept Lett.
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