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Family Report for: PHA_synth_III_C

Name Class
PHA_synth_III_CRank2
FamilyAbhydrolase_6
Gene_locus (95)
BlockX
PaperRehm_2003_Biochem.J_376_15
McCool_2001_J.Bacteriol_183_4235
InterproIPR010941 PhaC_cen_dom Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate polymerase, central domain
IPR010125 Poly(R)-hydroxyalkanoic acid synthase, class III, PhaC subunit PHA_synth_III_C
Comment(The family Pha_synthase was split in four families (PHA_synth_I, PHA_synth_II, PHA_synth_III, PhaC_cen_dom ) according to Interpro and Tigrpfam. PhaC_cen_dom groups enzyme with the central domain but not the class I,II,III domains)This entry represents the PhaC subunit of a heterodimeric form of polyhydroxyalkanoic acid (PHA) synthase. Excepting the PhaC of Bacillus megaterium (which needs PhaR), all members require PhaE (IPR010123) for activity and are designated class III. This enzyme builds ester polymers for carbon and energy storage that accumulate in inclusions, and both this enzyme and the depolymerase associate with the inclusions. Class III enzymes polymerise short-chain-length hydroxyalkanoates. Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate polymerase (PhaC) N-terminus. This entry represents the central domain of the bacterial poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate polymerase (PhaC). Polyhydroxyalkanoic acids (PHAs) are carbon and energy reserve polymers produced in some bacteria when carbon sources are plentiful and another nutrient, such as nitrogen, phosphate, oxygen, or sulphur, becomes limiting. PHAs composed of monomeric units ranging from 3 to 14 carbons exist in nature. When the carbon source is exhausted, PHA is utilised by the bacterium. PhaC links D-(-)-3-hydroxybutyrl-CoA to an existing PHA molecule by the formation of an ester bond PHA_synth_I TIGR01838 PHA_synth_II TIGR01839. The nucleophilic residue of the catalytic triad is a cysteine (with exceptions)
PfamPF07167 PhaC_N

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Mail to: Nicolas Lenfant, Thierry Hotelier, Yves Bourne, Pascale Marchot and Arnaud Chatonnet.
Please cite: Lenfant 2013 Nucleic.Acids.Res. or Marchot Chatonnet 2012 Prot.Pept Lett.
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