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LongText Report for: Tietge_2001_Hum.Gene.Ther_12_279

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Wolman disease is a lethal lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of lysosomal acid lipase (LAL). Wolman disease is characterized by pronounced hepatic involvement while neurological symptoms are uncommon, making Wolman disease an attractive candidate for liver-directed gene therapy. This study was performed to test the effects of gene replacement in fibroblasts lacking LAL, using a recombinant adenovirus encoding the human LAL cDNA (AdhLAL). Human fibroblasts from a Wolman disease patient were infected with AdhLAL and showed a dose-dependent increase in LAL protein and activity up to 5-fold above levels in control fibroblasts. Furthermore, 72 hr after infection with AdhLAL there was a dose-dependent correction of the severe lipid storage phenotype of Wolman disease fibroblasts. Electron microscopy confirmed significant correction of the lysosomal lipid storage in AdhLAL-infected Wolman disease fibroblasts at the ultrastructural level. Intravenous injection of AdhLAL into wild-type mice resulted in a 13.5-fold increase in hepatic LAL activity, and overexpression of LAL was not associated with toxic side effects. These data demonstrate high-level lysosomal expression of recombinant LAL in vitro and in vivo and show the feasibility of gene therapeutic strategies for the treatment of Wolman disease. 

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Mail to: Nicolas Lenfant, Thierry Hotelier, Yves Bourne, Pascale Marchot and Arnaud Chatonnet.
Please cite: Lenfant 2013 Nucleic.Acids.Res. or Marchot Chatonnet 2012 Prot.Pept Lett.
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