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LongText Report for: Zhu_2011_J.Chromatogr.B.Analyt.Technol.Biomed.Life.Sci_879_783

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In humans, concomitant DL-methylphenidate (DL-MPH) and ethanol results in the carboxylesterase 1 (hCES1) mediated biotransformation of MPH to the transesterification metabolite DL-ethylphenidate (DL-EPH). The separate enantiomers of MPH and EPH are found at low ng/ml to pg/ml plasma concentrations. Substantial pharmacological differences exist between D- and L-isomers of MPH and EPH, both in terms of pharmacological potencies and receptor selectivity, as well as in pharmacokinetic properties. Accordingly, a sensitive, accurate and precise enantiospecific analytical method is required in order to fully explore pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic correlations regarding the MPH-ethanol interaction. The present study describes a novel liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric method for simultaneous analysis of D- and L-MPH as well as D- and L-EPH concentrations from human plasma. This assay provides baseline resolution of the individual MPH and EPH isomers utilizing a vancomycin-based chiral column. The lower limit of quantification was 0.025 ng/ml for each isomer when extracting 0.5 ml plasma aliquots. Calibration curves were linear over the range from 0.025 ng/ml to 25 ng/ml for all analytes (r(2)>0.995). Assay accuracy and precision were excellent and stability studies and assessment of potential matrix effects contributed to the validation of the method. Application of the method to human plasma samples collected after the administration of dl-MPH with or without ethanol is included, and the implications of this pharmacokinetic drug interaction discussed. 

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Please cite: Lenfant 2013 Nucleic.Acids.Res. or Marchot Chatonnet 2012 Prot.Pept Lett.
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