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Type_substrate Report for: Polyketide

Comment

Polyketides are produced in bacteria, fungi, plants, and certain marine animals. The biosynthesis involves stepwise condensation of acetyl-CoA or propionyl-CoA with either malonyl-CoA or methylmalonyl-CoA. Polyketides are synthesized by multienzyme polypeptides that resemble eukaryotic fatty acid synthase but are often much larger. They include acyl-carrier domains plus an assortment of enzymatic units that can function in an iterative fashion, repeating the same elongation/modification steps (as in fatty acid synthesis), or in a sequential fashion so as to generate more heterogeneous types of polyketides. The last reaction is often performed by a thioesterase

Substrate nameFormulaStructure
10-DeoxymethynolideC17H28O4
O-DemethylfonsecinC14H12O6
Pimaricin-linear-analogue-syntheticC33H53NO7S

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Mail to: Nicolas Lenfant, Thierry Hotelier, Yves Bourne, Pascale Marchot and Arnaud Chatonnet.
Please cite: Lenfant 2013 Nucleic.Acids.Res. or Marchot Chatonnet 2012 Prot.Pept Lett.
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