Edwards SG

References (1)

Title : Potential enhancement of degradation of the nematicides aldicarb, oxamyl and fosthiazate in UK agricultural soils through repeated applications - Osborn_2010_Pest.Manag.Sci_66_253
Author(s) : Osborn RK , Edwards SG , Wilcox A , Haydock PP
Ref : Pest Manag Sci , 66 :253 , 2010
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The potential for enhanced degradation of the carbamoyloxime nematicides aldicarb and oxamyl and the organophosphate fosthiazate was investigated in 35 UK agricultural soils. Under laboratory conditions, soil samples received three successive applications of nematicide at 25 day intervals.
RESULTS: The second and third applications of aldicarb were degraded at a faster rate than the first application in six of the 15 aldicarb-treated soils, and a further three soils demonstrated rapid degradation of all three applications. High organic matter content and low pH had an inhibitory effect on the rate of aldicarb degradation. Rapid degradation was observed in nine out of the ten soils treated with oxamyl. In contrast, none of the fosthiazate-treated soils demonstrated enhanced degradation. CONCLUSION: The potential for enhanced degradation of aldicarb and oxamyl was demonstrated in nine out of 15 and nine out of ten soils respectively that had previously been treated with these active substances. Degradation of fosthiazate occurred at a much slower rate, with no evidence of enhanced degradation. Fosthiazate may provide a useful alternative in cases where the efficacy of aldicarb and oxamyl has been reduced as a result of enhanced degradation.
ESTHER : Osborn_2010_Pest.Manag.Sci_66_253
PubMedSearch : Osborn_2010_Pest.Manag.Sci_66_253
PubMedID: 19862790