Wakselman M

References (2)

Title : Specific and irreversible cyclopeptide inhibitors of dipeptidyl peptidase IV activity of the T-cell activation antigen CD26 - Nguyen_1998_J.Med.Chem_41_2100
Author(s) : Nguyen C , Blanco J , Mazaleyrat JP , Krust B , Callebaut C , Jacotot E , Hovanessian AG , Wakselman M
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 41 :2100 , 1998
Abstract : The dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) activity of CD26 is characterized by its post-proline-cleaving capacity that plays an important but not yet understood role in biological processes. Here we describe a new family of specific and irreversible inhibitors of this enzyme. Taking into account the substrate specificity of DPP IV for P2-P1><-P1' cleavage, we have designed and synthesized cyclopeptides c[(alphaH2N+)-Lys-Pro-Aba-(6-CH2-S+R2)-Glyn] 2TFA- (Aba = 3-aminobenzoic acid, R = alkyl) possessing a proline at the P1 position and a lysine in the P2 position, which allows the closing of the cycle on its side chain. These molecules show a free N-terminus, necessary for binding to the CD26 catalytic site, and a latent quinoniminium methide electrophile, responsible for inactivation. Treatment of c[alphaZ-Lys-Pro-Aba-(6-CH2-OC6H5)-Glyn], obtained by peptide synthesis in solution, with R2S/TFA simutaneously cleaved the Z protecting group and the phenyl ether function and led to a series of cyclopeptide sulfonium salts. These cyclopeptides inhibited rapidly and irreversibly the DPP IV activity of CD26, with IC50 values in the nanomolar range. Further studies were carried out to investigate the effect of the modification of the ring size (n = 2 or 4) and the nature of the sulfur substituents (R = Me, Bu, Oct). Cycle enlargement improved the inhibitory activity of the methylsulfonio cyclopeptide, whereas the increase of the alkyl chain length on the sulfur atom had no apparent effect. Other aminopeptidases were not inhibited, and a much weaker activity was observed on a novel isoform of DPP IV referred to as DPP IV-beta. Thus, this new family of irreversible inhibitors of DPP IV is highly specific to the peptidase activity of CD26.
ESTHER : Nguyen_1998_J.Med.Chem_41_2100
PubMedSearch : Nguyen_1998_J.Med.Chem_41_2100
PubMedID: 9622551

Title : Dipeptidyl-peptidase IV-beta--further characterization and comparison to dipeptidyl-peptidase IV activity of CD26 - Blanco_1998_Eur.J.Biochem_256_369
Author(s) : Blanco J , Nguyen C , Callebaut C , Jacotot E , Krust B , Mazaleyrat JP , Wakselman M , Hovanessian AG
Ref : European Journal of Biochemistry , 256 :369 , 1998
Abstract : Dipeptidyl peptidase IV-beta (DPP IV-beta) is a novel protein which shows a peptidase activity similar to the T-cell-activation antigen CD26. To further characterize this DPP IV-beta and confirm its cell surface expression, we have developed a purification strategy using the CD26- cell line C8166. The purification process includes biotinylation of cell surface proteins before preparation of cell extracts and processing by gel-filtration, ion-exchange and lectin chromatographies. Consistent with the molecular mass of DPP IV-beta estimated by gel-filtration chromatography, the final purified fraction, manifesting a typical DPP IV activity, showed a major biotinylated 75-80-kDa band in SDS/PAGE, thus suggesting the monomeric nature of this enzyme. Kinetic parameters of DPP IV-beta and the sensitivity to a new family of irreversible DPP IV inhibitors, were studied in comparison to CD26. Both enzymes followed a Michaelis kinetics with different Km values for Gly-Pro-NH-Np (NH-Np, para-nitroanilide) hydrolysis (0.28+/-0.05 mM and 0.12+/-0.02 mM). More significant differences were observed in the sensitivity to inhibitors, which exerted a much higher activity on CD26 than on DPP IV-beta. These differences permitted us to study DPP IV-beta expression in CD26-expressing cells, showing the expression of this new enzyme in all lymphoid cells tested, and a rapid enhancement in phytohemagglutinin-stimulated or protein-A-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Our results indicate that, although DPP IV-beta and CD26 are coexpressed and manifest a typical DPP IV activity, there are distinct features in their catalytic activities that may confer to each enzyme a complementary role in peptide processing.
ESTHER : Blanco_1998_Eur.J.Biochem_256_369
PubMedSearch : Blanco_1998_Eur.J.Biochem_256_369
PubMedID: 9760177