Title : Ferocactus herrerae Fruits: Nutritional Significance, Phytochemical Profiling, and Biological Potentials - Abdel-Baki_2022_Plant.Foods.Hum.Nutr__
Author(s) : Abdel-Baki PM , Ibrahim RM , Mahdy NE
Ref : Plant Foods Hum Nutr , : , 2022
Abstract :

The current study reports for the first time the nutritional, fruit volatiles, phytochemical, and biological characteristics of Ferocactus herrerae J. G. Ortega fruits. The nutritional analysis revealed that carbohydrate (20.6%) was the most abundant nutrient followed by dietary fibers (11.8%), lipids (0.9%), and proteins (0.8%). It was rich in vitamins, minerals, essential, and non-essential amino acids. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of the headspace-extracted volatiles showed that 3-methyl octadecane (35.72 +/- 2.38%) was the major constituent detected. Spectrophotometric determination of total phenolic and flavonoid contents of the fruit methanolic extract (ME) showed high total phenolic [9.17 +/- 0.87 mg/g gallic acid equivalent (GAE)] and flavonoid [4.99 +/- 0.23 mg/g quercetin equivalent (QE)] contents. The ME was analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet (HPLC-UV), which allowed for both qualitative and quantitative estimation of 16 phenolic compounds. Caffeic acid was the major phenolic acid identified [45.03 +/- 0.45 mg/100 g dried powdered fruits (DW)] while quercitrin (52.65 +/- 0.31 mg/100 g DW), was the major flavonoid detected. In-vitro assessment of the antioxidant capacities of the ME revealed pronounced activity using three comparative methods; 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) (132.06 +/- 2.1 microM Trolox equivalent (TE) /g), 2,2'-azino-di(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS), (241.1 +/- 5.03 uM TE/g), and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) (258.9 +/- 1.75 uM TE/g). Besides, remarkable anti-inflammatory [COX-1 (IC(50) = 20.2 +/- 1.1 microg/mL) and COX-2 (IC(50) = 9.8 +/- 0.64 microg/mL)] and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory (IC(50) = 1.01 +/- 0.39 mg/mL) activities were observed. Finally, our results revealed that these fruits could be used effectively as functional foods and nutraceuticals suggesting an increase in their propagation.

PubMedSearch : Abdel-Baki_2022_Plant.Foods.Hum.Nutr__
PubMedID: 36040657

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Citations formats

Abdel-Baki PM, Ibrahim RM, Mahdy NE (2022)
Ferocactus herrerae Fruits: Nutritional Significance, Phytochemical Profiling, and Biological Potentials
Plant Foods Hum Nutr :

Abdel-Baki PM, Ibrahim RM, Mahdy NE (2022)
Plant Foods Hum Nutr :