Chen_2007_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_87_189

Reference

Title : Resistance mechanisms and associated mutations in acetylcholinesteras genes in Sitobion avenae (Fabricius) - Chen_2007_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_87_189
Author(s) : Chen M , Han Z , Qiao X , Qu M
Ref : Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology , 87 :189 , 2007
Abstract :

Wheat aphid, Sitobion avenae (fabricius), is one of the most important wheat pests and has been reported to be resistant to commonly used insecticides in China. To determine the resistance mechanism, the resistant and susceptible strains were developed in laboratory and comparably studied. A bioassay revealed that the resistant strain showed high resistance to pirimicarb (RR: 161.8), moderate reistance to omethoate (32.5) and monocrotophos (33.5), and low resistance to deltamethrin (6.3) and thiodicarb (5.5). A biochemistry analysis showed that both strains had similar glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity, but the resistant strain had 3.8-fold higher esterase activity, and its AChE was insensitive to this treatment. The I50 increased by 25.8-, 10.7-, and 10.4-folds for pirimicarb, omethoate, and monocrotophos, respectively, demonstrating that GST had not been involved in the resistance of S. avenae. The enhanced esterase contributed to low level resistance to all the insecticides tested, whereas higher resistance to pirimicarb, omethoate, and monocrotophos mainly depended on AChE insensitivity. However, the AChE of the resistant strain was still sensitive to thiodicarb (1.7-fold). Thus, thiodicarb could be used as substitute for control of the resistant S. avenae in this case. Furthermore, the two different AChE genes cloned from different resistant and susceptible individuals were also compared. Two mutations, L436(336)S in Sa.Ace1 and W516(435)R in Sa.Ace2, were found consistently associated with the insensitivity of AChE. They were thought to be the possible resistance mutations, but further work is needed to confirm this hypothesis.

PubMedSearch : Chen_2007_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_87_189
PubMedID:
Gene_locus related to this paper: sitav-ACHE1 , sitav-ACHE2

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Citations formats

Chen M, Han Z, Qiao X, Qu M (2007)
Resistance mechanisms and associated mutations in acetylcholinesteras genes in Sitobion avenae (Fabricius)
Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 87 :189

Chen M, Han Z, Qiao X, Qu M (2007)
Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 87 :189