Duan_2015_Neurobiol.Aging_36_1792

Reference

Title : Silibinin inhibits acetylcholinesterase activity and amyloid beta peptide aggregation: a dual-target drug for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease - Duan_2015_Neurobiol.Aging_36_1792
Author(s) : Duan S , Guan X , Lin R , Liu X , Yan Y , Zhang T , Chen X , Huang J , Sun X , Li Q , Fang S , Xu J , Yao Z , Gu H
Ref : Neurobiology of Aging , 36 :1792 , 2015
Abstract :

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide aggregation and cholinergic neurodegeneration. Therefore, in this paper, we examined silibinin, a flavonoid extracted from Silybum marianum, to determine its potential as a dual inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and Abeta peptide aggregation for AD treatment. To achieve this, we used molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations to examine the affinity of silibinin with Abeta and AChE in silico. Next, we used circular dichroism and transmission electron microscopy to study the anti-Abeta aggregation capability of silibinin in vitro. Moreover, a Morris Water Maze test, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunohistochemistry, 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine double labeling, and a gene gun experiment were performed on silibinin-treated APP/PS1 transgenic mice. In molecular dynamics simulations, silibinin interacted with Abeta and AChE to form different stable complexes. After the administration of silibinin, AChE activity and Abeta aggregations were down-regulated, and the quantity of AChE also decreased. In addition, silibinin-treated APP/PS1 transgenic mice had greater scores in the Morris Water Maze. Moreover, silibinin could increase the number of newly generated microglia, astrocytes, neurons, and neuronal precursor cells. Taken together, these data suggest that silibinin could act as a dual inhibitor of AChE and Abeta peptide aggregation, therefore suggesting a therapeutic strategy for AD treatment.

PubMedSearch : Duan_2015_Neurobiol.Aging_36_1792
PubMedID: 25771396

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Citations formats

Duan S, Guan X, Lin R, Liu X, Yan Y, Zhang T, Chen X, Huang J, Sun X, Li Q, Fang S, Xu J, Yao Z, Gu H (2015)
Silibinin inhibits acetylcholinesterase activity and amyloid beta peptide aggregation: a dual-target drug for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease
Neurobiology of Aging 36 :1792

Duan S, Guan X, Lin R, Liu X, Yan Y, Zhang T, Chen X, Huang J, Sun X, Li Q, Fang S, Xu J, Yao Z, Gu H (2015)
Neurobiology of Aging 36 :1792