Duarte_2023_Environ.Pollut__121749

Reference

Title : Acetaminophen induced antioxidant and detoxification responses in a stygobitic crustacean - Duarte_2023_Environ.Pollut__121749
Author(s) : Duarte C , Gravato C , Di Lorenzo T , Reboleira A
Ref : Environ Pollut , :121749 , 2023
Abstract :

A variety of veterinary and human medicinal products (VHMPs) are found in groundwater, an often-neglected habitat inhabited by species with unique traits, stygobitic species. It is crucial to understand the effect of VHMPs on stygobitic species because they may respond differently to stressors than surface species. Our hypothesis is that groundwater species may be more susceptible to environmental contaminants due to less plasticity in their detoxification response and acquisition of energy because subterranean habitats are more stable and isolated from anthropogenic activities. We performed a battery of biomarkers associated with important physiological functions on the stygobitic asellid crustacean Proasellus lusitanicus, after a 14-day exposure to acetaminophen, a commonly used pharmaceutical and pollutant of groundwaters. Our results show an decrease in total glutathione levels and an increase in glutathione S-transferase activity, suggesting a successful detoxification response. This helps explaining why acetaminophen did not cause oxidative damage, as well as had no effect cholinesterase activity nor in aerobic production of energy. This study shows the remarkable capacity of P. lusitanicus to tolerate sublethal concentrations of VHMP acetaminophen. Most ecotoxicological studies on stygobitic species focused on the lethal effects of these compound. The present study focus on consequences at sublethal concentrations. Future studies should assess the stress levels induced to better predict and estimate the impacts of contaminants on groundwater ecosystems.

PubMedSearch : Duarte_2023_Environ.Pollut__121749
PubMedID: 37127234

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Citations formats

Duarte C, Gravato C, Di Lorenzo T, Reboleira A (2023)
Acetaminophen induced antioxidant and detoxification responses in a stygobitic crustacean
Environ Pollut :121749

Duarte C, Gravato C, Di Lorenzo T, Reboleira A (2023)
Environ Pollut :121749