Durliat_2000_Eur.J.Biochem_267_549

Reference

Title : Conserved protein motifs and structural organization of a fish gene homologous to mammalian apolipoprotein E - Durliat_2000_Eur.J.Biochem_267_549
Author(s) : Durliat M , Andre M , Babin PJ
Ref : European Journal of Biochemistry , 267 :549 , 2000
Abstract :

Apolipoprotein E (apoE) plays a central role in lipid metabolism from its ability to interact with lipoprotein receptors. Besides its role in cardiovascular diseases, apoE polymorphism contributes to susceptibility to neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease. The statistical significance of the combined match scores obtained after apoE motif-based protein sequence database searches, the structural features of the deduced protein, and the phylogenetic analysis, support the evidence that a homologue to mammalian apoE can be found in teleost fish. Isolation and characterization of the first nonmammalian APOE revealed that the zebrafish gene spans 2555/2692 bp instead of 3597 bp in human and has the same splice junctions and exon/intron organization as found in mammals, except that there is an additional intron that splits the last exon (exon 4) into two exons (exons 4 and 5). Enlargement of APOE size in the mammalian lineage occurs mainly by Alu repeats insertion. The additional intron found in zebrafish gene was also identified at the same splicing site in trout APOE and is located in the corresponding linker region following the conserved low density lipoprotein receptor binding domain. Primer extension and reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) assays demonstrated that two transcription start sites are located 26 and 28 bp upstream of the first intron and 22 or 24 bp downstream from a canonical TATA box. Sequence inspection of the 5'-flanking region upstream of the TATA box revealed potential regulatory DNA elements. These results will serve as a basis for comparative studies on transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms of APOE regulation in vertebrates.

PubMedSearch : Durliat_2000_Eur.J.Biochem_267_549
PubMedID: 10632725

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Citations formats

Durliat M, Andre M, Babin PJ (2000)
Conserved protein motifs and structural organization of a fish gene homologous to mammalian apolipoprotein E
European Journal of Biochemistry 267 :549

Durliat M, Andre M, Babin PJ (2000)
European Journal of Biochemistry 267 :549