Egea_1990_Toxicon_28_311

Reference

Title : Tetanus toxin blocks potassium-induced transmitter release and rearrangement of intramembrane particles at pure cholinergic synaptosomes - Egea_1990_Toxicon_28_311
Author(s) : Egea G , Rabasseda X , Solsona C , Marsal J , Bizzini B
Ref : Toxicon , 28 :311 , 1990
Abstract :

We have studied the action of tetanus toxin on the release of acetylcholine from a subcellular fraction of cholinergic nerve terminals (synaptosomes) isolated from the Torpedo electric organ. We have also studied the morphological changes induced by chemical stimulation on the presynaptic plasma membrane of poisoned synaptosomes. These changes were studied by means of freeze-fracture techniques. We found that tetanus toxin blocks the release of acetylcholine from isolated nerve terminals in a dose-dependent manner. The maximal inhibition is achieved at a concentration of 12.5 nM in 10 min. This effect is prevented by tetanus toxin antiserum. Tetanus toxin also blocks the rearrangement of intramembrane particles at plasma membrane of poisoned synaptosomes, specifically the decrease of small (less than or equal to 9.5 nm diameter) intramembranous particles at the protoplasmic hemimembrane leaflet and the increase of large (greater than 9.5 nm diameter) intramembrane particles at the external hemimembrane leaflet induced by potassium stimulation. These results suggest that intramembrane particle rearrangement could be related to acetylcholine secretion.

PubMedSearch : Egea_1990_Toxicon_28_311
PubMedID: 2343464

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Citations formats

Egea G, Rabasseda X, Solsona C, Marsal J, Bizzini B (1990)
Tetanus toxin blocks potassium-induced transmitter release and rearrangement of intramembrane particles at pure cholinergic synaptosomes
Toxicon 28 :311

Egea G, Rabasseda X, Solsona C, Marsal J, Bizzini B (1990)
Toxicon 28 :311