Fournier_2004_Neurosci_123_785

Reference

Title : Cortical acetylcholine release and electroencephalogram activation evoked by ionotropic glutamate receptor agonists in the rat basal forebrain - Fournier_2004_Neurosci_123_785
Author(s) : Fournier GN , Materi LM , Semba K , Rasmusson DD
Ref : Neuroscience , 123 :785 , 2004
Abstract :

To determine the sensitivity of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons to ionotropic glutamate receptor activation, acetylcholine was collected from the cerebral cortex of urethane-anesthetized rats using microdialysis while monitoring cortical electroencephalographic (EEG) activity. alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-proprionic acid (AMPA; 1, 10, or 100 microM), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA; 100 or 1000 microM) or a combination of AMPA (10 microM) and NMDA (100 microM) was administered to the basal forebrain using reverse microdialysis. Both glutamate receptor agonists produced concentration-dependent, several-fold increases in acetylcholine release indicating that they activated basal forebrain cholinergic neurons; AMPA was more potent, increasing acetylcholine release at a lower concentration than NMDA. The combination of AMPA and NMDA did not produce any greater release than each drug alone, indicating that the effects of these two drugs on cholinergic neurons are not additive. EEG was analyzed by fast Fourier transforms to determine the extent of physiological activation of the cortex. The highest concentrations of AMPA and NMDA tested produced small (25%) but significant increases in high frequency activity. There was a positive correlation across animals between the increases in power in the beta (14-30 Hz) and gamma (30-58 Hz) ranges and increases in acetylcholine release. These results indicate that glutamate can activate cholinergic basal forebrain neurons via both AMPA and NMDA ionotropic receptors but has a more modest effect on EEG activation.

PubMedSearch : Fournier_2004_Neurosci_123_785
PubMedID: 14706791

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Citations formats

Fournier GN, Materi LM, Semba K, Rasmusson DD (2004)
Cortical acetylcholine release and electroencephalogram activation evoked by ionotropic glutamate receptor agonists in the rat basal forebrain
Neuroscience 123 :785

Fournier GN, Materi LM, Semba K, Rasmusson DD (2004)
Neuroscience 123 :785