Garg_2018_Can.J.Physiol.Pharmacol_96_1189

Reference

Title : N-acetyl-l-cysteine attenuates oxidative damage and neurodegeneration in rat brain during aging - Garg_2018_Can.J.Physiol.Pharmacol_96_1189
Author(s) : Garg G , Singh S , Singh AK , Rizvi SI
Ref : Canadian Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology , 96 :1189 , 2018
Abstract :

N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) is a precursor of cysteine, which is known to increase the level of glutathione (GSH) in the brain. Several neurodegenerative changes linked to oxidative stress take place in the aging brain. This study aimed to assess the neuroprotective effect of NAC supplementation on age-dependent neurodegeneration in the rat brain. Young (4 months) and old (24 months) Wistar rats (n = 6 rats/group) were supplemented with NAC (100 mg/kg b.w. orally) for 14 days. Enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase and catalase, and GSH and total thiol respectively, prooxidants such as protein carbonyl, advanced oxidation protein products, reactive oxygen species, and malondialdehyde were assessed in the brain homogenates. Furthermore, nitric oxide level, acetylcholinesterase activity, and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity were measured and gene expression studies were also performed. The results indicated that NAC augmented the level of enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants with a significant reduction in prooxidant levels in old rats. NAC supplementation also downregulated the expression of inflammatory markers (TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6) and upregulated the expression of marker genes associated with aging (sirtuin-1) and neurodegeneration (neuron-specific enolase, neuroglobin, synapsin-I, myelin basic protein 2) in old rats. The present findings support a neuroprotective role of NAC which has therapeutic implication in controlling age-related neurological disorders.

PubMedSearch : Garg_2018_Can.J.Physiol.Pharmacol_96_1189
PubMedID: 30107137

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Citations formats

Garg G, Singh S, Singh AK, Rizvi SI (2018)
N-acetyl-l-cysteine attenuates oxidative damage and neurodegeneration in rat brain during aging
Canadian Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology 96 :1189

Garg G, Singh S, Singh AK, Rizvi SI (2018)
Canadian Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology 96 :1189