Goda_2006_Drug.Metab.Dispos_34_828

Reference

Title : Detection of a new N-oxidized metabolite of flutamide, N-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hydroxylamine, in human liver microsomes and urine of prostate cancer patients - Goda_2006_Drug.Metab.Dispos_34_828
Author(s) : Goda R , Nagai D , Akiyama Y , Nishikawa K , Ikemoto I , Aizawa Y , Nagata K , Yamazoe Y
Ref : Drug Metabolism & Disposition: The Biological Fate of Chemicals , 34 :828 , 2006
Abstract :

Flutamide (2-methyl-N-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-propanamide), a nonsteroidal antiandrogen, is used in the treatment of prostate cancer but is occasionally associated with hepatic dysfunction. In the present study, the metabolism of flutamide including the formation of the possible reactive toxic metabolites was investigated using human liver microsomes and 10 isoforms of recombinant human cytochrome P450 (P450). 2-Hydroxyflutamide (OH-flutamide) and 4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenylamine (FLU-1) were the main products of flutamide metabolism in human liver microsomes. The formation of OH-flutamide was markedly inhibited by ellipticine, an inhibitor of CYP1A1/1A2, and was mainly catalyzed by the recombinant CYP1A2. FLU-1 was also produced from OH-flutamide, but its metabolic rate was much less than that from flutamide. An inhibitor of carboxylesterase, bis-(p-nitrophenyl)phosphoric acid, completely inhibited the formation of FLU-1 from flutamide in human liver microsomes. A new metabolite, N-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hydroxylamine (FLU-1-N-OH), was detected as a product of the reaction of FLU-1 with human liver microsomes and identified by comparison with the synthetic standard. The formation of FLU-1-N-OH was markedly inhibited by the addition of miconazole, an inhibitor of CYP3A4, and was mediated by recombinant CYP3A4. Furthermore, FLU-1-N-OH was detected mostly as the conjugates (glucuronide/sulfate) in the urine of prostate cancer patients collected for 3 h after treatment with flutamide. The formation of FLU-1-N-OH, however, did not differ between patients with and without abnormalities of hepatic functions among a total of 29 patients. The lack of an apparent association of the urinary excretion of FLU-1-N-OH and hepatic disorder may suggest the involvement of an additional unknown factor in the mechanisms of flutamide hepatotoxicity.

PubMedSearch : Goda_2006_Drug.Metab.Dispos_34_828
PubMedID: 16507648

Related information

Inhibitor BNPP
Substrate BNPP    Flutamide

Citations formats

Goda R, Nagai D, Akiyama Y, Nishikawa K, Ikemoto I, Aizawa Y, Nagata K, Yamazoe Y (2006)
Detection of a new N-oxidized metabolite of flutamide, N-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hydroxylamine, in human liver microsomes and urine of prostate cancer patients
Drug Metabolism & Disposition: The Biological Fate of Chemicals 34 :828

Goda R, Nagai D, Akiyama Y, Nishikawa K, Ikemoto I, Aizawa Y, Nagata K, Yamazoe Y (2006)
Drug Metabolism & Disposition: The Biological Fate of Chemicals 34 :828