Title : Separation and identification of multiple potassium currents regulating the pacemaker activity of insect neurosecretory cells (DUM neurons) - Grolleau_1995_J.Neurophysiol_73_160
Author(s) : Grolleau F , Lapied B
Ref : Journal of Neurophysiology , 73 :160 , 1995
Abstract :

1. Whole cell voltage-clamp studies performed in isolated adult neurosecretory cells identified as dorsal unpaired median (DUM) neurons of the terminal abdominal ganglion of the cockroach Periplaneta americana have allowed us to reveal a complex voltage-dependent outward current regulating the pacemaker activity. 2. The global outward current remaining after tetrodotoxin treatment was activated by depolarization above -50 mV, showing steep voltage dependence and outward rectification. 3. We used tail current analysis to determine the ionic selectivity of this outward current. The reversal potentials for two extracellular potassium concentrations (-92.7 and -65.4 mV for 3.1 and 10 mM, respectively) is consistent with the expected equilibrium potential for potassium ions. 4. Both peak and sustained components of the global outward K+ current were reduced by external application of 20 mM tetraethylammonium chloride, 10 nM iberiotoxin, 1 nM charybdotoxin (CTX) and 1 mM cadmium chloride. Subtraction of current recorded in CTX solution from that in control solution revealed an unusual biphasic Ca(2+)-dependent K+ current. The fast transient current resistant to 5 mM 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) is distinguished by its dependence on holding potential and time course from the late sustained current. 5. In addition, two other components of CTX-resistant outward K+ current could be separated by sensitivity to 4-AP, time course, and voltage dependence. Beside a calcium-independent delayed outwardly rectifying current, a 4-AP-sensitive fast transient current resembling the A-current has been also identified. It activates at negative potential (about -65 mV) and unlike the A-current of other neurons, it inactivates rapidly with complex inactivation kinetics. A-like current is half-inactivated at -63.5 mV and half-activated at -35.6 mV. 6. Our findings demonstrate for the first time in DUM neuron cell bodies the existence of multiple potassium currents underlying the spontaneous electrical activity. Their identification and characterization represent a fundamental step in further understanding the pacemaker properties of these insect neurosecretory cells.

PubMedSearch : Grolleau_1995_J.Neurophysiol_73_160
PubMedID: 7714561

Related information

Citations formats

Grolleau F, Lapied B (1995)
Separation and identification of multiple potassium currents regulating the pacemaker activity of insect neurosecretory cells (DUM neurons)
Journal of Neurophysiology 73 :160

Grolleau F, Lapied B (1995)
Journal of Neurophysiology 73 :160