Hiol_2000_Enzyme.Microb.Technol_26_421

Reference

Title : Purification and characterization of an extracellular lipase from a thermophilic Rhizopus oryzae strain isolated from palm fruit - Hiol_2000_Enzyme.Microb.Technol_26_421
Author(s) : Hiol A , Jonzo MD , Rugani N , Druet D , Sarda L , Comeau LC
Ref : Enzyme Microb Technol , 26 :421 , 2000
Abstract :

We have isolated a lipolytic strain from palm fruit that was identified as a Rhizopus oryzae. Culture conditions were optimized and highest lipase production amounting to 120 U/ml was achieved after 4 days of cultivation. The extracellular lipase was purified 1200-fold by ammonium sulfate precipitation, sulphopropyl-Sepharose chromatography, Sephadex G 75 gel filtration and a second sulphopropyl-Sepharose chromatography. The specific activity of the purified enzyme was 8800 U/mg. The lipolytic enzyme has a molecular mass of 32 kDa by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and gel filtration. The enzyme exhibited a single band in active polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and its isoelectric point was 7.6. Analysis of Rhizopus oryzae lipase by RP-HPLC confirmed the homogeneity of the enzyme preparation. Determination of the N-terminal sequence over 19 amino acid residues showed a high homology with lipases of the same genus. The optimum pH for enzyme activity was 7.5. Lipase was stable in the pH range from 4.5 to 7.5. The optimum temperature for lipase activity was 35 degrees C and about 65% of its activity was retained after incubation at 45 degrees C for 30 min. The lipolytic enzyme was inhibited by Triton X100, SDS, and metal ions such as Fe(3+), Cu(2+), Hg(2+) and Fe(2+). Lipase activity against triolein was enhanced by sodium cholate or taurocholate. The purified lipase had a preference for the hydrolysis of saturated fatty acid chains (C(8)-C(18)) and a 1, 3-position specificity. It showed a good stability in organic solvents and especially in long chain-fatty alcohol. The enzyme poorly hydrolyzed triacylglycerols containing n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and appeared as a suitable biocatalyst for selective esterification of sardine free fatty acids with hexanol as substrate. About 76% of sardine free fatty acids were esterified after 30 h reaction whereas 90% of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was recovered in the unesterified fatty acids.

PubMedSearch : Hiol_2000_Enzyme.Microb.Technol_26_421
PubMedID: 10713217

Related information

Citations formats

Hiol A, Jonzo MD, Rugani N, Druet D, Sarda L, Comeau LC (2000)
Purification and characterization of an extracellular lipase from a thermophilic Rhizopus oryzae strain isolated from palm fruit
Enzyme Microb Technol 26 :421

Hiol A, Jonzo MD, Rugani N, Druet D, Sarda L, Comeau LC (2000)
Enzyme Microb Technol 26 :421