Hsieh_2023_Clin.Auton.Res__

Reference

Title : Cholinesterase inhibitors associated with lower rate of mortality in dementia patients with heart failure: a nationwide propensity weighting study - Hsieh_2023_Clin.Auton.Res__
Author(s) : Hsieh MJ , Lee CH , Chen DY , Wu CL , Huang YT , Chang SH
Ref : Clin Auton Res , : , 2023
Abstract :

PURPOSE: This study investigates the potential impact of cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) on patients with heart failure (HF) and dementia. ChEIs are known to boost acetylcholine levels and benefit cognition in patients with dementia; however, their effect on patients with HF is uncertain. This study aimed to assess whether cardiovascular events and mortality among patients with HF and dementia are altered by ChEI therapy. METHODS: Data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan were retrospectively analyzed. Dementia patients diagnosed with HF were followed for 5 years until all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, hospitalization for worsening HF, or the end of the study. Multivariable Cox models and inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) were employed. RESULTS: Out of 20,848 patients with dementia, 5138 had HF. Among them, 726 were ChEI users and 4412 were non-users. Based on IPTW, the ChEI users had significantly lower estimated risks of all-cause mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 0.43; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.38-0.49, p < 0.001] and cardiovascular mortality (HR 0.41; 95% CI 0.33-0.53, p < 0.001) compared with the non-users, but there was no significant difference in hospitalization for worsening HF (HR 0.73; 95% CI 0.51-1.05, p = 0.091) after 5 years. The survival benefits of ChEIs were consistent across subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this retrospective cohort study suggest that ChEIs may be beneficial in reducing all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in patients with dementia with HF. Further research is needed to validate these findings and explore the potential benefits of ChEIs in all patients with HF, including those without dementia.

PubMedSearch : Hsieh_2023_Clin.Auton.Res__
PubMedID: 37935929

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Citations formats

Hsieh MJ, Lee CH, Chen DY, Wu CL, Huang YT, Chang SH (2023)
Cholinesterase inhibitors associated with lower rate of mortality in dementia patients with heart failure: a nationwide propensity weighting study
Clin Auton Res :

Hsieh MJ, Lee CH, Chen DY, Wu CL, Huang YT, Chang SH (2023)
Clin Auton Res :