Title : Affinity partitioning of membranes. Evidence for discrete membrane domains containing cholinergic receptor - Johansson_1981_J.Biol.Chem_256_9126
Author(s) : Johansson G , Gysin R , Flanagan SD
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 256 :9126 , 1981
Abstract :

Subsynaptic membrane domains from Torpedo californica electroplax contain nicotinic cholinergic receptor molecules at densities as high as 20,000 micrometers-2. Intense homogenization of the electroplax releases membrane fragments enriched in nicotinic receptor from basal lamina and other synaptic cleft and presynaptic elements. Ideally, preparations of membrane fragments, highly enriched in nicotinic receptor, should approach 125I-alpha-bungarotoxin-specific binding activities near the levels observed after receptor dispersal in detergents and subsequent affinity chromatography. We report the application of affinity partitioning, combined with multiple extraction techniques, to yield preparations of virtually homogeneous membranes enriched in nicotinic receptor alpha, beta, gamma, and delta subunits as well as the 43,000-dalton peripheral protein subunit. The countercurrent distribution technique serves to resolve three populations of receptor-containing membranes. One fraction is refractory to affinity partitioning and may represent aggregates of receptor-rich membranes with fragments derived from nonsynaptic membranes. The second and third fractions contain membrane fragments derived from the subsynaptic membrane and are highly enriched in nicotinic receptor (5.1 to 7.8 nmol of alpha-bungarotoxin binding sites/mg of protein). Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of all three fractions indicates that alpha, beta, and gamma subunits are present in stable stoichiometric ratios, while the 43,000-dalton peripheral protein content varies by 33% between the fractions. However, removal of 90% of the 43,000-dalton component by mild alkali treatment does not result in conversion of one fraction into the other. The combination of affinity partitioning and counter-current distribution techniques utilized in this study should prove useful in the resolution of a variety of subcellular particles that contain specific binding sites.

PubMedSearch : Johansson_1981_J.Biol.Chem_256_9126
PubMedID: 7263703

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Citations formats

Johansson G, Gysin R, Flanagan SD (1981)
Affinity partitioning of membranes. Evidence for discrete membrane domains containing cholinergic receptor
Journal of Biological Chemistry 256 :9126

Johansson G, Gysin R, Flanagan SD (1981)
Journal of Biological Chemistry 256 :9126