Title : Estimation of Monocrotophos renal elimination half-life in humans - Jose_2015_Clin.Toxicol.(Phila)_53_629
Author(s) : Jose A , Selvakumar R , Peter JV , Karthik G , Fleming DH , Fleming JJ
Ref : Clinical Toxicology (Phila) , 53 :629 , 2015
Abstract :

INTRODUCTION: Monocrotophos, implicated in about 1/4th of organophosphate poisonings in our centre, is associated with the highest mortality (24%). Yet data on its pharmacokinetics in humans is limited. We estimated the renal elimination half-life of monocrotophos. PATIENTS AND
METHODS: Consecutive patients presenting with monocrotophos overdose over a 2-month period who had normal renal function were recruited. Monocrotophos in plasma and urine were quantitated by high-performance liquid chromatography. Urine was obtained from catheterised samples at 0-2, 2-4, 4-6, 6-8, 8-12 and 12-24 h. Plasma specimens were collected at the time of admission, and at the midpoint of the urine sample collections at 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 15 and 21 h. Renal elimination half-life was calculated from the cumulative amount excreted in the urine.
RESULTS: The cohort of 5 male patients, aged 35.8 +/- 2.94 years, presented with typical organophosphate (cholinergic) toxidrome following intentional monocrotophos overdose. All patients required mechanical ventilation; one patient died. Plasma data was available from 5 patients and urine data from 3 patients. The median renal elimination half-life was 3.3 (range: 1.9-5.0 h). Plasma monocrotophos values, as natural log, fell in a linear fashion up to around 10 h after admission. After the 10-hour period, there was a secondary rise in values in all the 3 patients in whom sampling was continued after 10 h. CONCLUSION: A renal elimination half-life of 3.3 h for monocrotophos is consistent with a water-soluble compound which is rapidly cleared from the plasma. The secondary rise in plasma monocrotophos values suggests possible re-distribution. Determining the elimination profile of this compound will help develop better strategies for treatment.

PubMedSearch : Jose_2015_Clin.Toxicol.(Phila)_53_629
PubMedID: 26065438

Related information

Inhibitor Monocrotophos

Citations formats

Jose A, Selvakumar R, Peter JV, Karthik G, Fleming DH, Fleming JJ (2015)
Estimation of Monocrotophos renal elimination half-life in humans
Clinical Toxicology (Phila) 53 :629

Jose A, Selvakumar R, Peter JV, Karthik G, Fleming DH, Fleming JJ (2015)
Clinical Toxicology (Phila) 53 :629