Kaushik_2014_BMC.Genomics_15_985

Reference

Title : Distribution, classification, domain architectures and evolution of prolyl oligopeptidases in prokaryotic lineages - Kaushik_2014_BMC.Genomics_15_985
Author(s) : Kaushik S , Sowdhamini R
Ref : BMC Genomics , 15 :985 , 2014
Abstract :

BACKGROUND: Prolyl oligopeptidases (POPs) are proteolytic enzymes, widely distributed in all the kingdoms of life. Bacterial POPs are pharmaceutically important enzymes, yet their functional and evolutionary details are not fully explored. Therefore, current analysis is aimed at understanding the distribution, domain architecture, probable biological functions and gene family expansion of POPs in bacterial and archaeal lineages.
RESULTS: Exhaustive sequence analysis of 1,202 bacterial and 91 archaeal genomes revealed ~3,000 POP homologs, with only 638 annotated POPs. We observed wide distribution of POPs in all the analysed bacterial lineages. Phylogenetic analysis and co-clustering of POPs of different phyla suggested their common functions in all the prokaryotic species. Further, on the basis of unique sequence motifs we could classify bacterial POPs into eight subtypes. Analysis of coexisting domains in POPs highlighted their involvement in protein-protein interactions and cellular signaling. We proposed significant extension of this gene family by characterizing 39 new POPs and 158 new alpha/beta hydrolase members.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study reflects diversity and functional importance of POPs in bacterial species. Many genomes with multiple POPs were identified with high sequence variations and different cellular localizations. Such anomalous distribution of POP genes in different bacterial genomes shows differential expansion of POP gene family primarily by multiple horizontal gene transfer events.

PubMedSearch : Kaushik_2014_BMC.Genomics_15_985
PubMedID: 25407321

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Citations formats

Kaushik S, Sowdhamini R (2014)
Distribution, classification, domain architectures and evolution of prolyl oligopeptidases in prokaryotic lineages
BMC Genomics 15 :985

Kaushik S, Sowdhamini R (2014)
BMC Genomics 15 :985