Kwon_2014_J.Neurol.Sci_347_66

Reference

Title : Effects of donepezil, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, on neurogenesis in a rat model of vascular dementia - Kwon_2014_J.Neurol.Sci_347_66
Author(s) : Kwon KJ , Kim MK , Lee EJ , Kim JN , Choi BR , Kim SY , Cho KS , Han JS , Kim HY , Shin CY , Han SH
Ref : Journal of Neurology Sci , 347 :66 , 2014
Abstract :

Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second most common form of dementia caused by cerebrovascular disease. Several recent reports demonstrated that cholinergic deficits are implicated in the pathogenesis of VaD and that cholinergic therapies have shown improvement of cognitive function in patients with VaD. However, the precise mechanisms by which donepezil achieves its effects on VaD are not fully understood. Donepezil hydrochloride is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AChEI) currently used for the symptomatic treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Several lines of evidence have demonstrated that AChEIs such as donepezil promote neurogenesis in the central nervous system. We investigated whether donepezil regulated hippocampal neurogenesis after bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) in rats, a commonly used animal model of VaD. To evaluate the effect of donepezil on neurogenesis, we orally treated rats with donepezil (10mg/kg) once a day for 3weeks, and injected BrdU over the same 3-week period to label newborn cells. The doses of donepezil that we used have been reported to activate cholinergic activity in rats. After 3weeks, a water maze task was performed on these rats to test spatial learning, and a subsequent histopathological evaluation was conducted. Donepezil improved memory impairment and increased the number of BrdU-positive cells in the dentate gyrus (DG) of BCCAO animals. These results indicated that donepezil improves cognitive function and enhances the survival of newborn neurons in the DG in our animal model of VaD, possibly by enhancing the expression of choline acetyltransferase and brain-derived neurotropic factor.

PubMedSearch : Kwon_2014_J.Neurol.Sci_347_66
PubMedID: 25266713

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Citations formats

Kwon KJ, Kim MK, Lee EJ, Kim JN, Choi BR, Kim SY, Cho KS, Han JS, Kim HY, Shin CY, Han SH (2014)
Effects of donepezil, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, on neurogenesis in a rat model of vascular dementia
Journal of Neurology Sci 347 :66

Kwon KJ, Kim MK, Lee EJ, Kim JN, Choi BR, Kim SY, Cho KS, Han JS, Kim HY, Shin CY, Han SH (2014)
Journal of Neurology Sci 347 :66