Title : Use of isolated chromaffin cells to study basic release mechanisms - Livett_1983_J.Auton.Nerv.Syst_7_59
Author(s) : Livett BG , Boksa P , Dean DM , Mizobe F , Lindenbaum MH
Ref : J Auton Nerv Syst , 7 :59 , 1983
Abstract :

An account is given of the authors' work with isolated adrenal chromaffin cells to study the synthesis, storage and release of catecholamines and of a number of neuropeptides endogenous to the adrenal medulla. A review of other studies in the literature with the isolated chromaffin cell system is included. It is seen that the isolated chromaffin cells are a convenient in vitro system well-suited to studies of basic release mechanisms. The isolated adrenal chromaffin cells maintain high levels of catecholamines and opiates and release them by exocytosis. The cells have both nicotinic and muscarinic receptors but only the nicotinic are involved in the agonist-evoked release of catecholamines (EC50 nicotine 5 X 10(-6) M: ACh 5 X 10(-5) M). The cells can synthesize AChE and selectively release the 10S molecular form by a mechanism different from exocytosis. Substance P (SP) modulates the secretion of catecholamines and ATP evoked by ACh or nicotine but not that evoked by K+ or veratridine. SP appears to interact with the nicotinic receptor-ionophore complex to regulate Na+ entry. SP receptors on the chromaffin cells show similar structural requirements to SP receptors in other SP responsive tissues. Binding studies on isolated chromaffin cell membranes with [4-3H-Phe]SP have shown specific binding in the nM range. In addition, at high concentrations of ACh, SP protects against nicotinic receptor desensitization. Since SP is contained in the splanchnic nerve terminals that innervate the medulla, the demonstration of SP action and SP receptors on the chromaffin cells suggests a physiological role for SP in the regulation of secretion from the adrenal medulla. Somatostatin (SS) and a number of SS analogues also inhibit release, but are approximately 15-fold less potent than SP. Leu- and Met-enkephalin, which are co-stored with adrenaline in the bovine adrenal medullary cells produce a non-specific inhibition of the nicotine-evoked release of CA, but enhance the basal release of endogenous catecholamines by a mechanism that is Ca2+-dependent, stereospecific and reversible by naloxone and naltrexone. The implication of these peptide-amine interactions for physiological processes regulating homeostasis in the adrenal are discussed.

PubMedSearch : Livett_1983_J.Auton.Nerv.Syst_7_59
PubMedID: 6188774

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Livett BG, Boksa P, Dean DM, Mizobe F, Lindenbaum MH (1983)
Use of isolated chromaffin cells to study basic release mechanisms
J Auton Nerv Syst 7 :59

Livett BG, Boksa P, Dean DM, Mizobe F, Lindenbaum MH (1983)
J Auton Nerv Syst 7 :59