Title : Biochemical profiles of two thermostable and organic solvent-tolerant esterases derived from a compost metagenome - Lu_2019_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_103_3421
Author(s) : Lu M , Dukunde A , Daniel R
Ref : Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology , 103 :3421 , 2019
Abstract :

Owing to the functional versatility and potential applications in industry, interest in lipolytic enzymes tolerant to organic solvents is increasing. In this study, functional screening of a compost soil metagenome resulted in identification of two lipolytic genes, est1 and est2, encoding 270 and 389 amino acids, respectively. The two genes were heterologously expressed and characterized. Est1 and Est2 are thermostable enzymes with optimal enzyme activities at 80 and 70 degrees C, respectively. A second-order rotatable design, which allows establishing the relationship between multiple variables with the obtained responses, was used to explore the combined effects of temperature and pH on esterase stability. The response curve indicated that Est1, and particularly Est2, retained high stability within a broad range of temperature and pH values. Furthermore, the effects of organic solvents on Est1 and Est2 activities and stabilities were assessed. Notably, Est2 activity was significantly enhanced (two- to tenfold) in the presence of ethanol, methanol, isopropanol, and 1-propanol over a concentration range between 6 and 30% (v/v). For the short-term stability (2 h of incubation), Est2 exhibited high tolerance against 60% (v/v) of ethanol, methanol, isopropanol, DMSO, and acetone, while Est1 activity resisted these solvents only at lower concentrations (below 30%, v/v). Est2 also displayed high stability towards some water-immiscible organic solvents, such as ethyl acetate, diethyl ether, and toluene. With respect to long-term stability, Est2 retained most of its activity after 26 days of incubation in the presence of 30% (v/v) ethanol, methanol, isopropanol, DMSO, or acetone. All of these features indicate that Est1 and Est2 possess application potential.

PubMedSearch : Lu_2019_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_103_3421
PubMedID: 30809711
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9bact-a0a0n9qma1

Related information

Gene_locus 9bact-a0a0n9qma1

Citations formats

Lu M, Dukunde A, Daniel R (2019)
Biochemical profiles of two thermostable and organic solvent-tolerant esterases derived from a compost metagenome
Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology 103 :3421

Lu M, Dukunde A, Daniel R (2019)
Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology 103 :3421