Mosier_2022_Int.J.Sci.Res.Environ.Sci.Toxicol_5_

Reference

Title : Inhibition of Serum Esterases in Juvenile Rats Repeatedly Exposed to Low Levels of Chlorpyrifos - Mosier_2022_Int.J.Sci.Res.Environ.Sci.Toxicol_5_
Author(s) : Mosier JA , Hybart RL , Lewis AM , Alugubelly N , Mohammed AN , Carr RL
Ref : Int J Sci Res Environ Sci Toxicol , 5 : , 2022
Abstract :

Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is an organophosphorus insecticide that has gained significant attention cue to the reported toxicity associated with developmental exposure. While the canonical mechanism of toxicity of CPF involves the inhibition of brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE), we have reported that exposure of juvenile rats to levels of CPF that do not yield any inhibition of brain AChE results in neurobehavioral alterations at later ages. However, it is unclear what effect exposure to these low levels of CPF has on blood esterase activities which are frequently used not only as biomarkers of exposure but also to set exposure levels in risk assessment. To determine this, male and female rat pups were exposed orally from postnatal day 10 to 16 to either corn oil (vehicle) or 0.5, 0.75, or 1.0 mg/kg CPF. At 12 h after the final exposure, serum cholinesterase (ChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), and carboxylesterase (CES), and red blood cell (RBC) and brain AChE activities were determined. There were no differences between sexes in either the controls or individual treatments for all enzymes. Only the highest dosage of 1.0 mg/kg CPF yielded significant brain AChE inhibition (22-24%) but all dosages significantly inhibited the blood esterases with inhibition being highest with serum CES (65-85%) followed by serum BChE (57-76%), RBC AChE (35-65%), and then serum ChE (16-32%). Our data verify that blood esterases are inhibited at dosages of CPF that alter neurobehavioral performance in the absence of effects on brain AChE activity.

PubMedSearch : Mosier_2022_Int.J.Sci.Res.Environ.Sci.Toxicol_5_
PubMedID: 36118291

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Citations formats

Mosier JA, Hybart RL, Lewis AM, Alugubelly N, Mohammed AN, Carr RL (2022)
Inhibition of Serum Esterases in Juvenile Rats Repeatedly Exposed to Low Levels of Chlorpyrifos
Int J Sci Res Environ Sci Toxicol 5 :

Mosier JA, Hybart RL, Lewis AM, Alugubelly N, Mohammed AN, Carr RL (2022)
Int J Sci Res Environ Sci Toxicol 5 :