Title : AChE and the amyloid precursor protein (APP) - Cross-talk in Alzheimer's Disease - Nalivaeva_2016_Chem.Biol.Interact_259_301
Author(s) : Nalivaeva NN , Turner AJ
Ref : Chemico-Biological Interactions , 259 :301 , 2016
Abstract :

The amyloid precursor protein (APP) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) are multi-faceted proteins with a wide range of vital functions, both crucially linked with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). APP is the precursor of the Abeta peptide, the pathological agent in AD, while AChE is linked to its pathogenesis either by increasing cholinergic deficit or exacerbating Abeta fibril formation and toxicity. As such, both proteins are the main targets in AD therapeutics with AChE inhibitors being currently the only clinically available AD drugs. In our studies we have demonstrated an important inter-relation in functioning of these proteins. Both can be released from the cell membrane and we have shown that AChE shedding involves a metalloproteinase-mediated mechanism which, like the alpha-secretase dependent cleavage of APP, is stimulated by cholinergic agonists. Overexpression of the neuronal specific isoform APP695 in neuronal cells substantially decreased levels of the AChE mRNA, protein and catalytic activity accompanied by a similar decrease in mRNA levels of the AChE membrane anchor, PRiMA (proline rich membrane anchor). We further established that this regulation does not involve APP processing and its intracellular domain (AICD) but requires the E1 region of APP, specifically its copper-binding domain. On the contrary, siRNA knock-down of APP in cholinergic SN56 cells resulted in a significant upregulation of AChE mRNA levels. Hence APP may influence AChE physiology while released AChE may regulate amyloidogenesis through multiple mechanisms suggesting novel therapeutic targets.

PubMedSearch : Nalivaeva_2016_Chem.Biol.Interact_259_301
PubMedID: 27062894

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Citations formats

Nalivaeva NN, Turner AJ (2016)
AChE and the amyloid precursor protein (APP) - Cross-talk in Alzheimer's Disease
Chemico-Biological Interactions 259 :301

Nalivaeva NN, Turner AJ (2016)
Chemico-Biological Interactions 259 :301