Ogura_2001_Eur.J.Pharmacol_415_157

Reference

Title : Central and peripheral activity of cholinesterase inhibitors as revealed by yawning and fasciculation in rats - Ogura_2001_Eur.J.Pharmacol_415_157
Author(s) : Ogura H , Kosasa T , Kuriya Y , Yamanishi Y
Ref : European Journal of Pharmacology , 415 :157 , 2001
Abstract : This study was designed to investigate the central and peripheral activity profile of cholinesterase inhibitors in rats. Intravenous injection of cholinesterase inhibitors caused fasciculation, a fine involuntary muscular movement. This peripheral cholinergic sign was tightly correlated with in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase activity by cholinesterase inhibitors, suggesting that fasciculation is a valid index of peripheral cholinergic activation. Yawning, used as a marker of central cholinergic activation, was also monitored. E2030 (3-(2-(1-(1,3-dioxolan-2-ylmethyl)-4-piperidyl)ethyl)-2H-3,4-dihydro-1,3-benzoxazin-2,4-dione hydrochloride) elicited yawning at more than 4 mg/kg, while fasciculation was significantly intensified only at a dose of 16 mg/kg. Donepezil and tacrine induced both yawning and fasciculation at doses greater than 4 mg/kg, whereas physostigmine induced both behaviors at a dose of 8 mg/kg and above. Finally, ipidacrine elicited yawning at a dose of 16 mg/kg and fasciculation at doses greater than 8 mg/kg. Thus, all putative centrally acting cholinesterase inhibitors elicited yawning. TAK-147 (3-[1-(phenylmethyl)-4-piperidinyl]-1-(2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-benzazepin-8-yl)-1-propanone fumarate) did not significantly elicit yawning at doses under 16 mg/kg, but elicited fasciculation at a dose of more than 4 mg/kg. Distigmine, a peripherally acting cholinesterase inhibitor, evoked fasciculations, but not yawning. When mild to moderate fasciculation was evoked, donepezil and E2030 elicited more than nine yawns over 30 min, while the other cholinesterase inhibitors elicited approximately five yawns at most during this period. These results indicated that E2030 and donepezil exhibited the most marked preferential central cholinergic activity, relative to peripheral activity, among cholinesterase inhibitors tested. Scopolamine, a centrally acting antimuscarinic drug, completely inhibited E2030-induced yawning, while peripherally acting methylscopolamine did not. Haloperidol, a dopamine receptor antagonist, partially blocked E2030-induced yawning, but did not block donepezil-induced yawning. These results suggest that central cholinergic and, in part, dopaminergic mechanisms are involved in E2030-induced yawning.
ESTHER : Ogura_2001_Eur.J.Pharmacol_415_157
PubMedSearch : Ogura_2001_Eur.J.Pharmacol_415_157
PubMedID: 11274994

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Ogura H, Kosasa T, Kuriya Y, Yamanishi Y (2001)
Central and peripheral activity of cholinesterase inhibitors as revealed by yawning and fasciculation in rats
European Journal of Pharmacology 415 :157

Ogura H, Kosasa T, Kuriya Y, Yamanishi Y (2001)
European Journal of Pharmacology 415 :157