Quarta_2009_Psychopharmacology.(Berl)_203_399

Reference

Title : Drug discrimination and neurochemical studies in alpha7 null mutant mice: tests for the role of nicotinic alpha7 receptors in dopamine release - Quarta_2009_Psychopharmacology.(Berl)_203_399
Author(s) : Quarta D , Naylor CG , Barik J , Fernandes C , Wonnacott S , Stolerman IP
Ref : Psychopharmacology (Berl) , 203 :399 , 2009
Abstract :

RATIONALE: The nicotine discriminative stimulus has been linked to beta2-containing (beta2*) nicotinic receptors, with little evidence of a role for alpha7 nicotinic receptors, because nicotine discrimination was very weak in beta2 null mutant mice but normal in alpha7 mutants. OBJECTIVES: As both alpha7 and beta2* nicotinic receptors have been implicated in nicotine-stimulated dopamine overflow, this study focused on the dopamine-mediated element in the nicotine stimulus by examining cross-generalisation between amphetamine and nicotine. MATERIALS AND
METHODS: Male alpha7 nicotinic receptor null mutant mice and wild-type controls were bred in-house and trained to discriminate nicotine (0.8 mg/kg) or (+)-amphetamine (0.6 mg/kg) from saline in a two-lever procedure with a tandem VI-30 FR-10 schedule of food reinforcement. Dopamine release from striatal slices was determined in parallel experiments.
RESULTS: An alpha7 nicotinic receptor-mediated component of dopamine release was demonstrated in tissue from wild-type mice using choline as a selective agonist. This response was absent in tissue from null mutant animals. The mutation did not influence acquisition of drug discriminations but subtly affected the results of cross-generalisation tests. In mice trained to discriminate nicotine or amphetamine, there was partial cross-generalisation in wild-type mice and, at certain doses, these effects were attenuated in mutants. Further support for an alpha7 nicotinic receptor-mediated component was provided by the ability of the alpha7 nicotinic receptor antagonist methyllycaconitine to attenuate responses to nicotine and amphetamine in wild-type mice.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the concept of an alpha7 nicotinic receptor-mediated dopaminergic element in nicotine discrimination, warranting further tests with selective dopamine agonists.

PubMedSearch : Quarta_2009_Psychopharmacology.(Berl)_203_399
PubMedID: 18758759

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Citations formats

Quarta D, Naylor CG, Barik J, Fernandes C, Wonnacott S, Stolerman IP (2009)
Drug discrimination and neurochemical studies in alpha7 null mutant mice: tests for the role of nicotinic alpha7 receptors in dopamine release
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 203 :399

Quarta D, Naylor CG, Barik J, Fernandes C, Wonnacott S, Stolerman IP (2009)
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 203 :399