Steiner_2010_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_107_657

Reference

Title : Structural basis for cofactor-independent dioxygenation of N-heteroaromatic compounds at the alpha\/beta-hydrolase fold - Steiner_2010_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_107_657
Author(s) : Steiner RA , Janssen HJ , Roversi P , Oakley AJ , Fetzner S
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 107 :657 , 2010
Abstract :

Enzymatic catalysis of oxygenation reactions in the absence of metal or organic cofactors is a considerable biochemical challenge. The CO-forming 1-H-3-hydroxy-4-oxoquinaldine 2,4-dioxygenase (HOD) from Arthrobacter nitroguajacolicus Ru61a and 1-H-3-hydroxy-4-oxoquinoline 2,4-dioxygenase (QDO) from Pseudomonas putida 33/1 are homologous cofactor-independent dioxygenases involved in the breakdown of N-heteroaromatic compounds. To date, they are the only dioxygenases suggested to belong to the alpha/beta-hydrolase fold superfamily. Members of this family typically catalyze hydrolytic processes rather than oxygenation reactions. We present here the crystal structures of both HOD and QDO in their native state as well as the structure of HOD in complex with its natural 1-H-3-hydroxy-4-oxoquinaldine substrate, its N-acetylanthranilate reaction product, and chloride as dioxygen mimic. HOD and QDO are structurally very similar. They possess a classical alpha/beta-hydrolase fold core domain additionally equipped with a cap domain. Organic substrates bind in a preorganized active site with an orientation ideally suited for selective deprotonation of their hydroxyl group by a His/Asp charge-relay system affording the generation of electron-donating species. The "oxyanion hole" of the alpha/beta-hydrolase fold, typically employed to stabilize the tetrahedral intermediate in ester hydrolysis reactions, is utilized here to host and control oxygen chemistry, which is proposed to involve a peroxide anion intermediate. Product release by proton back transfer from the catalytic histidine is driven by minimization of intramolecular charge repulsion. Structural and kinetic data suggest a nonnucleophilic general-base mechanism. Our analysis provides a framework to explain cofactor-independent dioxygenation within a protein architecture generally employed to catalyze hydrolytic reactions.

PubMedSearch : Steiner_2010_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_107_657
PubMedID: 20080731
Gene_locus related to this paper: artsp-hod , psepu-QDO

Citations formats

Steiner RA, Janssen HJ, Roversi P, Oakley AJ, Fetzner S (2010)
Structural basis for cofactor-independent dioxygenation of N-heteroaromatic compounds at the alpha\/beta-hydrolase fold
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107 :657

Steiner RA, Janssen HJ, Roversi P, Oakley AJ, Fetzner S (2010)
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107 :657