Tanaka_2014_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1841_1596

Reference

Title : Role of white adipose lipolysis in the development of NASH induced by methionine- and choline-deficient diet - Tanaka_2014_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1841_1596
Author(s) : Tanaka N , Takahashi S , Fang ZZ , Matsubara T , Krausz KW , Qu A , Gonzalez FJ
Ref : Biochimica & Biophysica Acta , 1841 :1596 , 2014
Abstract :

Methionine- and choline-deficient diet (MCD) is a model for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in rodents. However, the mechanism of NASH development by dietary methionine/choline deficiency remains undetermined. To elucidate the early metabolic changes associated with MCD-NASH, serum metabolomic analysis was performed using mice treated with MCD and control diet for 3 days and 1 week, revealing significant increases in oleic and linoleic acids after MCD treatment. These increases were correlated with reduced body weight and white adipose tissue (WAT) mass, increased phosphorylation of hormone-sensitive lipase, and up-regulation of genes encoding carboxylesterase 3 and beta2-adrenergic receptor in WAT, indicating accelerated lipolysis in adipocytes. The changes in serum fatty acids and WAT by MCD treatment were reversed by methionine supplementation, and similar alterations were detected in mice fed a methionine-deficient diet (MD), thus demonstrating that dietary methionine deficiency enhances lipolysis in WAT. MD treatment decreased glucose and increased fibroblast growth factor 21 in serum, thus exhibiting a similar metabolic phenotype as the fasting response. Comparison between MCD and choline-deficient diet (CD) treatments suggested that the addition of MD-induced metabolic alterations, such as WAT lipolysis, to CD-induced hepatic steatosis promotes liver injury. Collectively, these results demonstrate an important role for dietary methionine deficiency and WAT lipolysis in the development of MCD-NASH.

PubMedSearch : Tanaka_2014_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1841_1596
PubMedID: 25178843

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Citations formats

Tanaka N, Takahashi S, Fang ZZ, Matsubara T, Krausz KW, Qu A, Gonzalez FJ (2014)
Role of white adipose lipolysis in the development of NASH induced by methionine- and choline-deficient diet
Biochimica & Biophysica Acta 1841 :1596

Tanaka N, Takahashi S, Fang ZZ, Matsubara T, Krausz KW, Qu A, Gonzalez FJ (2014)
Biochimica & Biophysica Acta 1841 :1596