Title : Cholinesterase activity in human pulmonary arteries and veins - Walch_1997_Br.J.Pharmacol_121_986
Author(s) : Walch L , Taisne C , Gascard JP , Nashashibi N , Brink C , Norel X
Ref : British Journal of Pharmacology , 121 :986 , 1997
Abstract :

1. Human isolated pulmonary vessels were treated with cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitors to determine the role of these enzymes in regulating vascular muscle tone. In addition, kinetic parameters were determined for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) in human pulmonary vessel homogenates. 2. Carbachol (CCh) and acetylcholine (ACh) were equipotent contractile agonists in human pulmonary arteries (pD2 values, 5.28 +/- 0.05 and 5.65 +/- 0.16; Emax, 0.91 +/- 0.26 and 0.98 +/- 0.30 g wt. for CCh and ACh, respectively; n = 7). In venous preparations, ACh was ineffective and CCh induced small contractions (Emax, 0.08 +/- 0.04 g wt; n = 13). 3. In human pulmonary arteries following pretreatment with tetraisopropylpyrophosphoramide (iso-OMPA, 100 microM), an increased sensitivity to the contractile agonist ACh was observed (pD2 values, 5.80 +/- 0.13 and 6.37 +/- 0.19 for control and treated preparations, respectively; n = 5). This pretreatment had no effect on the CCh concentration response curve. In contrast, human pulmonary veins pretreated with iso-OMPA failed to elicit a contractile response to ACh. 4. Neither Iso-OMPA nor neostigmine elicited concentration-dependent contractions in human isolated pulmonary arteries or veins. These results suggest the absence of sufficient spontaneous release of ACh to modulate human pulmonary vessel basal tone. 5. CCh was less potent than ACh in relaxing precontracted human isolated pulmonary arteries (pD2 value, CCh: 6.55 +/- 0.15 and ACh: 7.16 +/- 0.13, n = 4) and veins (pD2 value, CCh: 4.95 +/- 0.13; n = 5 and ACh: 5.56 +/- 0.17; n = 6). Pretreatment of vessels with either iso-OMPA or neostigmine did not modify ACh relaxant responses in either type of preparation. 6. In human pulmonary veins, the ChE activity was two fold greater than in arteries (n = 6). Vmax for AChE was 1.73 +/- 0.24 and 3.36 +/- 0.26 miu mg-1 protein in arteries and veins, respectively, whereas Vss for BChE was 1.83 +/- 0.22 and 4.71 +/- 0.17 miu mg-1 protein, in these respectively. 7. In human pulmonary arteries, BChE activity may play a role in the smooth muscle contraction but not on the smooth muscle endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by ACh. A role for ChE activity in the control of venous tone is presently difficult to observe, even though this tissue contains a greater amount of enzyme than the artery.

PubMedSearch : Walch_1997_Br.J.Pharmacol_121_986
PubMedID: 9222557

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Citations formats

Walch L, Taisne C, Gascard JP, Nashashibi N, Brink C, Norel X (1997)
Cholinesterase activity in human pulmonary arteries and veins
British Journal of Pharmacology 121 :986

Walch L, Taisne C, Gascard JP, Nashashibi N, Brink C, Norel X (1997)
British Journal of Pharmacology 121 :986