Wong_2010_Planta.Med_76_228

Reference

Title : Cryptotanshinone, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor from Salvia miltiorrhiza, ameliorates scopolamine-induced amnesia in Morris water maze task - Wong_2010_Planta.Med_76_228
Author(s) : Wong KK , Ho MT , Lin HQ , Lau KF , Rudd JA , Chung RC , Fung KP , Shaw PC , Wan DC
Ref : Planta Med , 76 :228 , 2010
Abstract :

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common form of dementia which is characterized by the deposition of amyloids in affected neurons and a cholinergic neurotransmission deficit in the brain. The current therapeutic intervention for AD is primarily based on the inhibition of brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) to restore the brain acetylcholine level. Cryptotanshinone (CT) is a diterpene extracted from the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza, a herb that is commonly prescribed in Chinese medicine to treat cardiovascular disease. In the present study, we demonstrated that CT is an inhibitor of both human acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) with IC(50) values of 4.09 and 6.38 microM, respectively. The IC(50) ratio of CT for BuChE:AChE was 1.56. CT inhibited human AChE in a reversible manner, and the inhibition showed the characteristics of mixed-type as both the KM and V(max) were affected by CT. The effect of CT on learning impairment in scopolamine-treated rats was also evaluated by the acquisition protocol of the Morris water maze. The task learning ability of scopolamine-treated rats was significantly reversed by CT (5 mg/kg), and the CT-fed rats were able to develop a spatial searching strategy comparable to that of the control animals. In addition, chronic CT treatment did not cause hepatotoxicity as measured by blood alanine transferase (ALT) level. Our findings demonstrate the ability of CT to improve task learning in rats with scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment. These results suggest that CT has the potential as a therapeutic drug for treating AD.

PubMedSearch : Wong_2010_Planta.Med_76_228
PubMedID: 19774505

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Citations formats

Wong KK, Ho MT, Lin HQ, Lau KF, Rudd JA, Chung RC, Fung KP, Shaw PC, Wan DC (2010)
Cryptotanshinone, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor from Salvia miltiorrhiza, ameliorates scopolamine-induced amnesia in Morris water maze task
Planta Med 76 :228

Wong KK, Ho MT, Lin HQ, Lau KF, Rudd JA, Chung RC, Fung KP, Shaw PC, Wan DC (2010)
Planta Med 76 :228