Yamashita_2023_Nutr.Metab.Cardiovasc.Dis__

Reference

Title : Predictive value of cholinesterase in patients with heart failure: A new blood biochemical marker of undernutrition - Yamashita_2023_Nutr.Metab.Cardiovasc.Dis__
Author(s) : Yamashita M , Kamiya K , Hamazaki N , Nozaki K , Uchida S , Maekawa E , Yamaoka-Tojo M , Ako J
Ref : Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis , : , 2023
Abstract :

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study was conducted to verify whether serum cholinesterase (ChE) is useful in predicting prognosis and discriminating undernutrition status compared to existing low-nutrition indices of blood chemical tests in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1617 patients (1204 older patients) with HF who evaluated ChE during hospitalization were recruited for this study. The primary outcome was all-cause death, and multivariate survival analysis was performed. We drew a receiver operating characteristic curve for all-cause death, some undernutrition status, such as low body mass index, thin mid-upper arm circumference, low grip strength, and slow gait speed. The area under the curve was used to compare the predictive ability of ChE with some existing nutritional parameters, such as blood biochemical tests, controlling nutritional status (CONUT), and the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI). After adjusting for 29 variables, higher ChE significantly decreased the risk of all-cause death (per 10 increase, hazard ratio: 0.975, 95% confidence interval: 0.952-0.998), and this trend was maintained for older patients (per 10 increase, hazard ratio: 0.972, 95% confidence interval: 0.947-0.997). ChE was moderately correlated with CONUT and GNRI, but the predictive ability for all-cause death was higher for ChE relative to both scores. ChE tended to have an almost consistently high predictive ability compared with other blood biochemical tests. CONCLUSIONS: ChE was associated with all-cause death and an almost consistently higher predictive ability for all-cause death and undernutrition status in comparison to existing blood chemical tests and nutritional scores.

PubMedSearch : Yamashita_2023_Nutr.Metab.Cardiovasc.Dis__
PubMedID: 37500349

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Citations formats

Yamashita M, Kamiya K, Hamazaki N, Nozaki K, Uchida S, Maekawa E, Yamaoka-Tojo M, Ako J (2023)
Predictive value of cholinesterase in patients with heart failure: A new blood biochemical marker of undernutrition
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis :

Yamashita M, Kamiya K, Hamazaki N, Nozaki K, Uchida S, Maekawa E, Yamaoka-Tojo M, Ako J (2023)
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis :