Title : Muscarinic stimulation of submucosal glands in swine trachea - Yang_1988_J.Appl.Physiol.(1985)_64_200
Author(s) : Yang CM , Farley JM , Dwyer TM
Ref : J Appl Physiol (1985) , 64 :200 , 1988
Abstract :

The properties of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) on tracheal explants and isolated submucosal gland cells were determined using [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate ([3H]QNB) and N-[3H]methylscopolamine ([3H]NMS) as ligands. Analysis of competitive displacement of ([3H]NMS binding by pirenzepine demonstrated the presence of M1- (27 +/- 2%) and M2G- (73 +/- 2%) receptors on isolated tracheal submucosal gland cells (TSGC's) in control. Daily administration of diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) inhibited cholinesterase activity by greater than 95%. After 7 days of DFP treatment, [3H]QNB binding to intact TSGC's decreased from 14.2 +/- 0.6 to 6.3 +/- 0.8 fmol/10(6) cells; similarly, [3H]NMS binding fell from 8.1 +/- 1.9 to 2.0 +/- 0.8 fmol/10(6) cells. The loss of mAChR's was predominantly of the M2G subtype with the relative proportion dropping to 33%. In addition, 90% of the receptors assumed the high-affinity state for carbachol displacement of [3H]NMS. Mucus secretion was quantitated by measuring the release of 3H-labeled mucus macromolecules from explants of tracheal submucosal glands and isolated cells. Acetylcholine (ACh), 2 X 10(-5) M, stimulated mucus secretion by 2.5 and 2.3 times the basal rate, respectively. Elimination of acetylcholinesterase (AChe) by DFP increased the ACh sensitivity by 18- and 5-fold. Tracheal explants or TSGC's obtained 2 h after an in vivo DFP treatment showed a 6- and 3-fold ACh stimulation. This ACh sensitivity decreased during the continued daily dosing with DFP such that only a 1.3- and 1.1-fold ACh stimulation was apparent after 7 days of treatment.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PubMedSearch : Yang_1988_J.Appl.Physiol.(1985)_64_200
PubMedID: 3356638

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Citations formats

Yang CM, Farley JM, Dwyer TM (1988)
Muscarinic stimulation of submucosal glands in swine trachea
J Appl Physiol (1985) 64 :200

Yang CM, Farley JM, Dwyer TM (1988)
J Appl Physiol (1985) 64 :200