Am S

References (2)

Title : A femtomolar-range suicide germination stimulant for the parasitic plant Striga hermonthica - Uraguchi_2018_Science_362_1301
Author(s) : Uraguchi D , Kuwata K , Hijikata Y , Yamaguchi R , Imaizumi H , Am S , Rakers C , Mori N , Akiyama K , Irle S , McCourt P , Kinoshita T , Ooi T , Tsuchiya Y
Ref : Science , 362 :1301 , 2018
Abstract : The parasitic plant Striga hermonthica has been causing devastating damage to the crop production in Africa. Because Striga requires host-generated strigolactones to germinate, the identification of selective and potent strigolactone agonists could help control these noxious weeds. We developed a selective agonist, sphynolactone-7, a hybrid molecule originated from chemical screening, that contains two functional modules derived from a synthetic scaffold and a core component of strigolactones. Cooperative action of these modules in the activation of a high-affinity strigolactone receptor ShHTL7 allows sphynolactone-7 to provoke Striga germination with potency in the femtomolar range. We demonstrate that sphynolactone-7 is effective for reducing Striga parasitism without impinging on host strigolactone-related processes.
ESTHER : Uraguchi_2018_Science_362_1301
PubMedSearch : Uraguchi_2018_Science_362_1301
PubMedID: 30545887

Title : Preventive role of Indian black pepper in animal models of Alzheimer's disease - Subedee_2015_J.Clin.Diagn.Res_9_FF01
Author(s) : Subedee L , Suresh RN , Mk J , Hl K , Am S , Vh P
Ref : J Clin Diagn Res , 9 :FF01 , 2015
Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Dementia is the clinical symptom of alzheimer's disease. Brain cholinesterase levels and behavioural changes are the markers for Alzheimer's disease and aluminium chloride is one causative agent for polymerization of tau protein and amyloid plaque formation in Alzheimer's disease. Effect of piper nigrum and its role in prevention of alzhimer's disease and symptoms are well linked in this study. AIM: To study the effect of piper nigrum for the prevention of alzheimer's associated histopathological, biochemical and behaviour changes in rat model. MATERIALS AND
METHODS: Twenty four rats were taken in this study. Their baseline behavioural parameters were noted and group was separated randomly in four. Rats were pretreated with piper nigrum and Alzheimer's disease was induced. Biochemical and histopathological changes were noted at the end of experiment.
RESULTS: There was marked decrease in cholinesterase level, amyloidal plaque formation in rats brain who were pretreated with piper nigrum. At the same time there was decrease in escape latency time (ELT) and increase in memory in piper treated rats. CONCLUSION: Piper nigrum prove to be effective for prevention of Alzheimer's disease. This finding has to be confirmed with studies including larger population. Further research on cholinesterase inhibitors, role of flavonoids on prevention of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease can be encouraged.
ESTHER : Subedee_2015_J.Clin.Diagn.Res_9_FF01
PubMedSearch : Subedee_2015_J.Clin.Diagn.Res_9_FF01
PubMedID: 26023568