Azam S

References (2)

Title : Experimental and pharmacoinformatic approaches unveil the neuropharmacological and analgesic potential of chloroform fraction of Roktoshirinchi (Achyranthes ferruginea Roxb.) - Reza_2024_J.Ethnopharmacol__117769
Author(s) : Reza A , Raihan R , Azam S , Shahanewz M , Nasrin MS , Siddique MAB , Uddin MN , Dey AK , Sadik MG , Alam AK
Ref : J Ethnopharmacol , :117769 , 2024
Abstract : ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Achyranthes ferruginea (A. ferruginea) Roxb. is a common plant used in traditional medicine in Asia and Africa. It has a variety of local names, including "Gulmanci" in Nigeria, "Dangar" in Pakistan, "Thola" in Ethiopia, and "Roktoshirinchi" in Bangladesh. It is edible and has several ethnomedical uses for a wide range of illnesses, including hysteria, dropsy, constipation, piles, boils, asthma, and shigellosis. However, the neuropharmacological and analgesic potential of A. ferruginea remains uninvestigated. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the neuropharmacological and analgesic potential of A. ferruginea through a multifaceted approach encompassing both experimental and computational models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Methanol was used to extract the leaves of A. ferruginea. It was then fractionated with low to high polar solvents (n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and water) to get different fractions, including chloroform fraction (CLF). The study selected CLF at different doses and conducted advanced chemical element and proximate analyses, as well as phytochemical profiling using GC-MS. Toxicological studies were done at 300 microg per rat per day for 14 days. Cholinesterase inhibitory potential was checked using an in-vitro colorimetric assay. Acetic acid-induced writhing (AAWT) and formalin-induced licking tests (FILT) were used to assess anti-nociceptive effects. The forced swim test (FST), tail suspension test (TST), elevated plus maze (EPM), hole board test (HBT), and light and dark box test (LDB) were among the behavioral tests used to assess depression and anxiolytic activity. Network pharmacology-based analysis was performed on selected compounds using the search tool for interacting chemicals-5 (STITCH 5), Swiss target prediction tool, and search tool for the retrieval of interacting genes and proteins (STRING) database to link their role with genes involved in neurological disorders through gene ontology and reactome analysis. RESULTS: Qualitative chemical element analysis revealed the presence of 15 elements, including Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, and Zn. The moisture content, ash value, and organic matter were found to be 11.12, 11.03, and 88.97%, respectively. GC-MS data revealed that the CLF possesses 25 phytoconstituents. Toxicological studies suggested the CLF has no effects on normal growth, hematological and biochemical parameters, or cellular organs after 14 days at 300 microg per rat. The CLF markedly reduced the activity of both acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase (IC(50): 56.22 and 13.22 microg/mL, respectively). Promising dose-dependent analgesic activity (p < 0.05) was observed in chemically-induced pain models. The TST and FST showed a dose-dependent substantial reduction in immobility time due to the CLF. Treatment with CLF notably increased the number of open arm entries and time spent in the EPM test at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg b.w. The CLF showed significant anxiolytic activity at 200 mg/kg b.w. in the HBT test, whereas a similar activity was observed at 400 mg/kg b.w. in the EPM test. A notable increase in the amount of time spent in the light compartment was observed in the LDB test by mice treated with CLF, suggesting an anxiolytic effect. A network pharmacology study demonstrated the relationship between the phytochemicals and a number of targets, such as PPARA, PPARG, CHRM1, and HTR2, which are connected to the shown bioactivities. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the safety of A. ferruginea and its efficacy in attenuating cholinesterase inhibitory activity, central and peripheral pain, anxiety, and depression, warranting further exploration of its therapeutic potential.
ESTHER : Reza_2024_J.Ethnopharmacol__117769
PubMedSearch : Reza_2024_J.Ethnopharmacol__117769
PubMedID: 38219886

Title : Draft genome sequence of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan), an orphan legume crop of resource-poor farmers - Varshney_2011_Nat.Biotechnol_30_83
Author(s) : Varshney RK , Chen W , Li Y , Bharti AK , Saxena RK , Schlueter JA , Donoghue MT , Azam S , Fan G , Whaley AM , Farmer AD , Sheridan J , Iwata A , Tuteja R , Penmetsa RV , Wu W , Upadhyaya HD , Yang SP , Shah T , Saxena KB , Michael T , McCombie WR , Yang B , Zhang G , Yang H , Wang J , Spillane C , Cook DR , May GD , Xu X , Jackson SA
Ref : Nat Biotechnol , 30 :83 , 2011
Abstract : Pigeonpea is an important legume food crop grown primarily by smallholder farmers in many semi-arid tropical regions of the world. We used the Illumina next-generation sequencing platform to generate 237.2 Gb of sequence, which along with Sanger-based bacterial artificial chromosome end sequences and a genetic map, we assembled into scaffolds representing 72.7% (605.78 Mb) of the 833.07 Mb pigeonpea genome. Genome analysis predicted 48,680 genes for pigeonpea and also showed the potential role that certain gene families, for example, drought tolerance-related genes, have played throughout the domestication of pigeonpea and the evolution of its ancestors. Although we found a few segmental duplication events, we did not observe the recent genome-wide duplication events observed in soybean. This reference genome sequence will facilitate the identification of the genetic basis of agronomically important traits, and accelerate the development of improved pigeonpea varieties that could improve food security in many developing countries.
ESTHER : Varshney_2011_Nat.Biotechnol_30_83
PubMedSearch : Varshney_2011_Nat.Biotechnol_30_83
PubMedID: 22057054
Gene_locus related to this paper: cajca-a0a151r9d2 , cajca-a0a151u2m0 , cajca-a0a151tes0 , cajca-a0a151u784 , cajca-a0a151sf79 , cajca-a0a151qu18 , cajca-a0a151sz37 , cajca-a0a151ss18 , cajca-a0a151rb44 , cajca-a0a151ryr0 , cajca-a0a151qzm6 , cajca-a0a151rsm6 , cajca-a0a151rsn1 , cajca-a0a151tig2 , cajca-a0a151rwt3 , cajca-a0a151rx08 , cajca-a0a151rws4 , cajca-a0a151r0b7