Cann IK

References (3)

Title : Biochemical characterization and relative expression levels of multiple carbohydrate esterases of the xylanolytic rumen bacterium Prevotella ruminicola 23 grown on an ester-enriched substrate - Kabel_2011_Appl.Environ.Microbiol_77_5671
Author(s) : Kabel MA , Yeoman CJ , Han Y , Dodd D , Abbas CA , de Bont JA , Morrison M , Cann IK , Mackie RI
Ref : Applied Environmental Microbiology , 77 :5671 , 2011
Abstract : We measured expression and used biochemical characterization of multiple carbohydrate esterases by the xylanolytic rumen bacterium Prevotella ruminicola 23 grown on an ester-enriched substrate to gain insight into the carbohydrate esterase activities of this hemicellulolytic rumen bacterium. The P. ruminicola 23 genome contains 16 genes predicted to encode carbohydrate esterase activity, and based on microarray data, four of these were upregulated >2-fold at the transcriptional level during growth on an ester-enriched oligosaccharide (XOS(FA,Ac)) from corn relative to a nonesterified fraction of corn oligosaccharides (AXOS). Four of the 16 esterases (Xyn10D-Fae1A, Axe1-6A, AxeA1, and Axe7A), including the two most highly induced esterases (Xyn10D-Fae1A and Axe1-6A), were heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and biochemically characterized. All four enzymes showed the highest activity at physiologically relevant pH (6 to 7) and temperature (30 to 40 degrees C) ranges. The P. ruminicola 23 Xyn10D-Fae1A (a carbohydrate esterase [CE] family 1 enzyme) released ferulic acid from methylferulate, wheat bran, corn fiber, and XOS(FA,Ac), a corn fiber-derived substrate enriched in O-acetyl and ferulic acid esters, but exhibited negligible activity on sugar acetates. As expected, the P. ruminicola Axe1-6A enzyme, which was predicted to possess two distinct esterase family domains (CE1 and CE6), released ferulic acid from the same substrates as Xyn10D-Fae1 and was also able to cleave O-acetyl ester bonds from various acetylated oligosaccharides (AcXOS). The P. ruminicola 23 AxeA1, which is not assigned to a CE family, and Axe7A (CE7) were found to be acetyl esterases that had activity toward a broad range of mostly nonpolymeric acetylated substrates along with AcXOS. All enzymes were inhibited by the proximal location of other side groups like 4-O-methylglucuronic acid, ferulic acid, or acetyl groups. The unique diversity of carbohydrate esterases in P. ruminicola 23 likely gives it the ability to hydrolyze substituents on the xylan backbone and enhances its capacity to efficiently degrade hemicellulose.
ESTHER : Kabel_2011_Appl.Environ.Microbiol_77_5671
PubMedSearch : Kabel_2011_Appl.Environ.Microbiol_77_5671
PubMedID: 21742923
Gene_locus related to this paper: prer2-axea1 , prer2-axfa

Title : Biochemical analysis of a beta-D-xylosidase and a bifunctional xylanase-ferulic acid esterase from a xylanolytic gene cluster in Prevotella ruminicola 23 - Dodd_2009_J.Bacteriol_191_3328
Author(s) : Dodd D , Kocherginskaya SA , Spies MA , Beery KE , Abbas CA , Mackie RI , Cann IK
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 191 :3328 , 2009
Abstract : Prevotella ruminicola 23 is an obligate anaerobic bacterium in the phylum Bacteroidetes that contributes to hemicellulose utilization within the bovine rumen. To gain insight into the cellular machinery that this organism elaborates to degrade the hemicellulosic polymer xylan, we identified and cloned a gene predicted to encode a bifunctional xylanase-ferulic acid esterase (xyn10D-fae1A) and expressed the recombinant protein in Escherichia coli. Biochemical analysis of purified Xyn10D-Fae1A revealed that this protein possesses both endo-beta-1,4-xylanase and ferulic acid esterase activities. A putative glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 3 beta-D-glucosidase gene, with a novel PA14-like insertion sequence, was identified two genes downstream of xyn10D-fae1A. Biochemical analyses of the purified recombinant protein revealed that the putative beta-D-glucosidase has activity for pNP-beta-D-xylopyranoside, pNP-alpha-L-arabinofuranoside, and xylo-oligosaccharides; thus, the gene was designated xyl3A. When incubated in combination with Xyn10D-Fae1A, Xyl3A improved the release of xylose monomers from a hemicellulosic xylan substrate, suggesting that these two enzymes function synergistically to depolymerize xylan. Directed mutagenesis studies of Xyn10D-Fae1A mapped the catalytic sites for the two enzymatic functionalities to distinct regions within the polypeptide sequence. When a mutation was introduced into the putative catalytic site for the xylanase domain (E280S), the ferulic acid esterase activity increased threefold, which suggests that the two catalytic domains for Xyn10D-Fae1A are functionally coupled. Directed mutagenesis of conserved residues for Xyl3A resulted in attenuation of activity, which supports the assignment of Xyl3A as a GH family 3 beta-D-xylosidase.
ESTHER : Dodd_2009_J.Bacteriol_191_3328
PubMedSearch : Dodd_2009_J.Bacteriol_191_3328
PubMedID: 19304844
Gene_locus related to this paper: preru-c0ljn0

Title : Effect of insertional mutations in the pueA and pueB genes encoding two polyurethanases in Pseudomonas chlororaphis contained within a gene cluster - Howard_2007_J.Appl.Microbiol_103_2074
Author(s) : Howard GT , Mackie RI , Cann IK , Ohene-Adjei S , Aboudehen KS , Duos BG , Childers GW
Ref : J Appl Microbiol , 103 :2074 , 2007
Abstract : AIMS: To better understand the role of PueA and PueB from Pseudomonas chlororaphis in polyurethane degradation, the present study was conducted to create insertional mutants in their respective genes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Growth kinetic studies showed that the pueA knockout mutant had a greater effect than the pueB knockout mutant. The pueA mutant had an 80% decrease in cell density from that of the wild type, while the pueB mutant had an 18% decrease in cell density. Polyurethane utilization followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The pueA and pueB mutants exhibited a 17% and 10% decrease respectively in growth rate using polyurethane when compared with the wild type. CONCLUSIONS: In this present study, pueA and pueB, are shown to be part of an ABC transporter gene cluster that consists of seven open reading frames. Mutational analysis results suggest that PueA may play a more major role in polyurethane degradation than PueB based on cell density and growth rates. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The results from this study provide a starting point for the eventual enhancement and bioremediation of polyurethane waste. Understanding the role of polyurethane-degrading enzymes is useful for the creation of strains for this purpose.
ESTHER : Howard_2007_J.Appl.Microbiol_103_2074
PubMedSearch : Howard_2007_J.Appl.Microbiol_103_2074
PubMedID: 18045391
Gene_locus related to this paper: psech-PUEA , psech-PUEB