Hermsen B

References (3)

Title : Neuronal nicotinic receptors in the locust Locusta migratoria. Cloning and expression - Hermsen_1998_J.Biol.Chem_273_18394
Author(s) : Hermsen B , Stetzer E , Thees R , Heiermann R , Schrattenholz A , Ebbinghaus U , Kretschmer A , Methfessel C , Reinhardt S , Maelicke A
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 273 :18394 , 1998
Abstract : We have identified five cDNA clones that encode nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits expressed in the nervous system of the locust Locusta migratoria. Four of the subunits are ligand-binding alpha subunits, and the other is a structural beta subunit. The existence of at least one more nAChR gene, probably encoding a beta subunit, is indicated. Based on Northern analysis and in situ hybridization, the five subunit genes are expressed. localpha1, localpha3, and locbeta1 are the most abundant subunits and are expressed in similar areas of the head ganglia and retina of the adult locust. Because Loc<alpha3 binds alpha-bungarotoxin with high affinity, it may form a homomeric nAChR subtype such as the mammalian alpha7 nAChR. Localpha1 and Locbeta1 may then form the predominant heteromeric nAChR in the locust brain. localpha4 is mainly expressed in optic lobe ganglionic cells and localpha2 in peripherally located somata of mushroom body neurons. localpha3 mRNA was additionally detected in cells interspersed in the somatogastric epithelium of the locust embryo, suggesting that this isoform may also be involved in functions other than neuronal excitability. Transcription of all nAChR subunit genes begins approximately 3 days before hatching and continues throughout adult life. Electrophysiological recordings from head ganglionic neurons also indicate the existence of more than one functionally distinct nAChR subtype. Our results suggest the existence of several nAChR subtypes, at least some of them heteromeric, in this insect species.
ESTHER : Hermsen_1998_J.Biol.Chem_273_18394
PubMedSearch : Hermsen_1998_J.Biol.Chem_273_18394
PubMedID: 9660807

Title : Physostigmine, galanthamine and codeine act as 'noncompetitive nicotinic receptor agonists' on clonal rat pheochromocytoma cells - Storch_1995_Eur.J.Pharmacol_290_207
Author(s) : Storch A , Schrattenholz A , Cooper JC , Abdel Ghani EM , Gutbrod O , Weber KH , Reinhardt S , Lobron C , Hermsen B , Soskic V , Pereira EF , Albuquerque EX , Methfessel C , Maelicke A
Ref : European Journal of Pharmacology , 290 :207 , 1995
Abstract : The acetylcholine esterase inhibitor (-)-physostigmine has been shown to act as agonist on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors from muscle and brain, by binding to sites on the alpha-polypeptide that are distinct from those for the natural transmitter acetylcholine (Schrder et al., 1994). In the present report we show that (-)-physostigmine, galanthamine, and the morphine derivative codeine activate single-channel currents in outside-out patches excised from clonal rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. Although several lines of evidence demonstrate that the three alkaloids act on the same channels as acetylcholine, the competitive nicotinic antagonist methyllycaconitine only inhibited channel activation by acetylcholine but not by (-)-physostigmine, galanthamine or codeine. In contrast, the monoclonal antibody FK1, which competitively inhibits (-)-physostigmine binding to nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, did not affect channel activation by acetylcholine but inhibited activation by (-)-physostigmine, galanthamine and codeine. The three alkaloids therefore act via binding sites distinct from those for acetylcholine, in a 'noncompetitive' fashion. The potency of (-)-physostigmine and related compounds to act as a noncompetitive agonist is unrelated to the level of acetylcholine esterase inhibition induced by these drugs. (-)-Physostigmine, galanthamine and codeine do not evoke sizable whole-cell currents, which is due to the combined effects of low open-channel probability, slow onset and slow inactivation of response. In contrast, they sensitize PC12 cell nicotinic receptors in their submaximal response to acetylcholine. While the abundance of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor isoforms expressed in PC12 cells excludes identification of specific nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes that interact with noncompetitive agonists, the identical patterns of single-channel current amplitudes observed with acetylcholine and with noncompetitive agonists suggested that all PC12 cell nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes that respond to acetylcholine also respond to noncompetitive agonist. The action of noncompetitive agonists therefore seems to be highly conserved between nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes, in agreement with the high level of structural conservation in the sequence region harboring major elements of this site.
ESTHER : Storch_1995_Eur.J.Pharmacol_290_207
PubMedSearch : Storch_1995_Eur.J.Pharmacol_290_207
PubMedID: 7589215

Title : Diversity of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in rat hippocampal neurons. II. The rundown and inward rectification of agonist-elicited whole-cell currents and identification of receptor subunits by in situ hybridization - Alkondon_1994_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_271_494
Author(s) : Alkondon M , Reinhardt S , Lobron C , Hermsen B , Maelicke A , Albuquerque EX
Ref : Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics , 271 :494 , 1994
Abstract : Our previous study demonstrated for the first time that nicotinic currents evoked in rat hippocampal neurons could be grouped into four categories (types IA, IB, II and III) according to their functional and pharmacological characteristics. In the second part of our continuing studies, the structural and functional diversity of nicotinic receptors expressed in hippocampal neurons was further explored. Type IA, the predominant and alpha-bungarotoxin-sensitive current, but not type II, the alpha-bungarotoxin-insensitive current, showed rundown in the peak amplitude during the whole-cell recording. The rundown of type IA currents could be prevented when the ATP-regenerating compound phosphocreatine, alone or in combination with ATP and creatine phosphokinase, was added to the internal recording solution. The addition to the internal solution of either the microfilament-stabilizing agent phalloidin (5 microM) or the microtubule-stabilizing agent taxol (50 microM) did not alter or prevent rundown in type IA currents. Type IA and type II currents showed inward rectification. The inward rectification of type IA currents was dependent on the presence of intracellular Mg++, whereas that of type II currents was independent of Mg++. When Mg++ was present in the internal pipette solution, the inward rectification of type IA currents was sustained throughout the recording time. However, when nominally Mg(++)-free internal solution was used, the inward rectification decreased with recording time in type IA currents, but not in type II currents, as a consequence of removal of intracellular Mg++. In situ hybridization demonstrated the presence of alpha 7-, alpha 4- and beta 2-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit mRNAs in cultured hippocampal neurons. The distribution among the neurons of the mRNAs for alpha 7- and alpha 4-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits, correlated with the frequency with which type IA and type II currents, respectively, could be evoked in these neurons. The present results provide evidence for 1) the presence of intracellular high-energy phosphate-dependent processes linked with the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subserving type IA currents, 2) a requirement of intracellular Mg++ for the inward rectification of type IA currents and 3) a correlation between the distribution of nAChR subunits and the different probabilities of eliciting distinct types of nicotinic currents in hippocampal neurons.
ESTHER : Alkondon_1994_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_271_494
PubMedSearch : Alkondon_1994_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_271_494
PubMedID: 7525930