Strop P

References (4)

Title : Molecular Basis of Valine-Citrulline-PABC Linker Instability in Site-Specific ADCs and Its Mitigation by Linker Design - Dorywalska_2016_Mol.Cancer.Ther_15_958
Author(s) : Dorywalska M , Dushin R , Moine L , Farias SE , Zhou D , Navaratnam T , Lui V , Hasa-Moreno A , Casas MG , Tran TT , Delaria K , Liu SH , Foletti D , O'Donnell CJ , Pons J , Shelton DL , Rajpal A , Strop P
Ref : Mol Cancer Ther , 15 :958 , 2016
Abstract : The degree of stability of antibody-drug linkers in systemic circulation, and the rate of their intracellular processing within target cancer cells are among the key factors determining the efficacy of antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) in vivo Previous studies demonstrated the susceptibility of cleavable linkers, as well as auristatin-based payloads, to enzymatic cleavage in rodent plasma. Here, we identify Carboxylesterase 1C as the enzyme responsible for the extracellular hydrolysis of valine-citrulline-p-aminocarbamate (VC-PABC)-based linkers in mouse plasma. We further show that the activity of Carboxylesterase 1C towards VC-PABC-based linkers, and consequently the stability of ADCs in mouse plasma, can be effectively modulated by small chemical modifications to the linker. While the introduced modifications can protect the VC-PABC-based linkers from extracellular cleavage, they do not significantly alter the intracellular linker processing by the lysosomal protease Cathepsin B. The distinct substrate preference of the serum Carboxylesterase 1C offers the opportunity to modulate the extracellular stability of cleavable ADCs without diminishing the intracellular payload release required for ADC efficacy. Mol Cancer Ther; 15(5); 958-70. 2016 AACR.
ESTHER : Dorywalska_2016_Mol.Cancer.Ther_15_958
PubMedSearch : Dorywalska_2016_Mol.Cancer.Ther_15_958
PubMedID: 26944918

Title : DPP6 Localization in Brain Supports Function as a Kv4 Channel Associated Protein - Clark_2008_Front.Mol.Neurosci_1_8
Author(s) : Clark BD , Kwon E , Maffie J , Jeong HY , Nadal M , Strop P , Rudy B
Ref : Front Mol Neurosci , 1 :8 , 2008
Abstract : The gene encoding the dipeptidyl peptidase-like protein DPP6 (also known as DPPX) has been associated with human neural disease. However, until recently no function had been found for this protein. It has been proposed that DPP6 is an auxiliary subunit of neuronal Kv4 K(+) channels, the ion channels responsible for the somato-dendritic A-type K(+) current, an ionic current with crucial roles in the regulation of firing frequency, dendritic integration and synaptic plasticity. This view has been supported mainly by studies showing that DPP6 is necessary to generate channels with biophysical properties resembling the native channels in some neurons. However, independent evidence that DPP6 is a component of neuronal Kv4 channels in the brain, and whether this protein has other functions in the CNS is still lacking. We generated antibodies to DPP6 proteins to compare their distribution in brain with that of the Kv4 pore-forming subunits. DPP6 proteins were prominently expressed in neuronal populations expressing Kv4.2 proteins and both types of protein were enriched in the dendrites of these cells, strongly supporting the hypothesis that DPP6 is an associated protein of Kv4 channels in brain neurons. The observed similarity in the cellular and subcellular patterns of expression of both proteins suggests that this is the main function of DPP6 in brain. However, we also found that DPP6 antibodies intensely labeled the hippocampal mossy fiber axons, which lack Kv4 proteins, suggesting that DPP6 proteins may have additional, Kv4-unrelated functions.
ESTHER : Clark_2008_Front.Mol.Neurosci_1_8
PubMedSearch : Clark_2008_Front.Mol.Neurosci_1_8
PubMedID: 18978958

Title : Structures of neuroligin-1 and the neuroligin-1\/neurexin-1 beta complex reveal specific protein-protein and protein-Ca2+ interactions - Arac_2007_Neuron_56_992
Author(s) : Arac D , Boucard AA , Ozkan E , Strop P , Newell E , Sudhof TC , Brunger AT
Ref : Neuron , 56 :992 , 2007
Abstract : Neurexins and neuroligins provide trans-synaptic connectivity by the Ca2+-dependent interaction of their alternatively spliced extracellular domains. Neuroligins specify synapses in an activity-dependent manner, presumably by binding to neurexins. Here, we present the crystal structures of neuroligin-1 in isolation and in complex with neurexin-1 beta. Neuroligin-1 forms a constitutive dimer, and two neurexin-1 beta monomers bind to two identical surfaces on the opposite faces of the neuroligin-1 dimer to form a heterotetramer. The neuroligin-1/neurexin-1 beta complex exhibits a nanomolar affinity and includes a large binding interface that contains bound Ca2+. Alternatively spliced sites in neurexin-1 beta and in neuroligin-1 are positioned nearby the binding interface, explaining how they regulate the interaction. Structure-based mutations of neuroligin-1 at the interface disrupt binding to neurexin-1 beta, but not the folding of neuroligin-1 and confirm the validity of the binding interface of the neuroligin-1/neurexin-1 beta complex. Our results provide molecular insights for understanding the role of cell-adhesion proteins in synapse function.
ESTHER : Arac_2007_Neuron_56_992
PubMedSearch : Arac_2007_Neuron_56_992
PubMedID: 18093522
Gene_locus related to this paper: ratno-1neur

Title : Structure of a human A-type potassium channel interacting protein DPPX, a member of the dipeptidyl aminopeptidase family - Strop_2004_J.Mol.Biol_343_1055
Author(s) : Strop P , Bankovich AJ , Hansen KC , Garcia KC , Brunger AT
Ref : Journal of Molecular Biology , 343 :1055 , 2004
Abstract : It has recently been reported that dipeptidyl aminopeptidase X (DPPX) interacts with the voltage-gated potassium channel Kv4 and that co-expression of DPPX together with Kv4 pore forming alpha-subunits, and potassium channel interacting proteins (KChIPs), reconstitutes properties of native A-type potassium channels in vitro. Here we report the X-ray crystal structure of the extracellular domain of human DPPX determined at 3.0A resolution. This structure reveals the potential for a surface electrostatic change based on the protonation state of histidine. Subtle changes in extracellular pH might modulate the interaction of DPPX with Kv4.2 and possibly with other proteins. We propose models of DPPX interaction with the voltage-gated potassium channel complex. The dimeric structure of DPPX is highly homologous to the related protein DPP-IV. Comparison of the active sites of DPPX and DPP-IV reveals loss of the catalytic serine residue but the presence of an additional serine near the "active" site. However, the arrangement of residues is inconsistent with that of canonical serine proteases and DPPX is unlikely to function as a protease (dipeptidyl aminopeptidase).
ESTHER : Strop_2004_J.Mol.Biol_343_1055
PubMedSearch : Strop_2004_J.Mol.Biol_343_1055
PubMedID: 15476821
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-DPP6