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Family Report for: PHA_synth_II

PHA_synth_II



Relationship
Block X
Parent Family : Abhydrolase_6

Comment
(The family Pha_synthase was split in four families (PHA_synth_I, PHA_synth_II, PHA_synth_III, PhaC_cen_dom ) according to Interpro and Tigrpfam PhaC_cen_dom groups enzyme with the central domain but not the class I,II,III domains). This entry represents the class II subfamily of poly(R)-hydroxyalkanoate synthases, which polymerises hydroxyacyl-CoAs, typically with six to fourteen carbons in the hydroxyacyl backbone into aliphatic esters termed poly(R)-hydroxyalkanoic acids. These polymers accumulate as carbon and energy storage inclusions in many species and can amount to 90 percent of the dry weight of cell. Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate polymerase (PhaC) N-terminus. This entry represents the central domain of the bacterial poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate polymerase (PhaC). Polyhydroxyalkanoic acids (PHAs) are carbon and energy reserve polymers produced in some bacteria when carbon sources are plentiful and another nutrient, such as nitrogen, phosphate, oxygen, or sulphur, becomes limiting. PHAs composed of monomeric units ranging from 3 to 14 carbons exist in nature. When the carbon source is exhausted, PHA is utilised by the bacterium. PhaC links D-(-)-3-hydroxybutyrl-CoA to an existing PHA molecule by the formation of an ester bond. PHA_synth_I TIGR01838 PHA_synth_II TIGR01839. The nucleophilic residue of the catalytic triad is a cysteine (with exceptions)

Database
Sequences
Interpro
|
IPR010941 (PhaC_cen_dom Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate polymerase, central domain), IPR011287 (Poly(R)-hydroxyalkanoic acid synthase, class II)
PIRSF
|
Pdoc
|
PFam
|
PF07167 (PhaC_N)
Prints
|
Prosite
|
no EC number



Peptide in
|Fasta
Nucleotide in
|Fasta
Alignment with Multalin
|Text only/graphic display
Seed alignment with MAFFT
|No colour/coloured with Mview
Alignment with MAFFT
|No colour/coloured with Mview
Dendrogram
|Graphical display, obtained with the dnd file produced by Clustalw

References
    Title: Polyester synthases: natural catalysts for plastics
    Rehm BH
    Ref: Biochemical Journal, 376:15, 2003 : PubMed

            

    Title: PhaC and PhaR are required for polyhydroxyalkanoic acid synthase activity in Bacillus megaterium
    McCool GJ, Cannon MC
    Ref: Journal of Bacteriology, 183:4235, 2001 : PubMed

            

    Title: Cloning, molecular analysis, and expression of the polyhydroxyalkanoic acid synthase (phaC) gene from Chromobacterium violaceum
    Kolibachuk D, Miller A, Dennis D
    Ref: Applied Environmental Microbiology, 65:3561, 1999 : PubMed

            

Other Papers


No structure scheme yet for this family

No Structure yet in this family

Genes Proteins in PHA_synth_II family (35)

No fragments
Substrates of some enzymes in the PHA_synth_II family (1)

No Inhibitor



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Mail to: Nicolas Lenfant, Thierry Hotelier, Yves Bourne, Pascale Marchot and Arnaud Chatonnet.
Please cite: Lenfant 2013 Nucleic.Acids.Res. or Marchot Chatonnet 2012 Prot.Pept Lett.
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