Barends_2006_J.Biol.Chem_281_5804

Reference

Title : Acetobacter turbidans alpha-amino acid ester hydrolase: how a single mutation improves an antibiotic-producing enzyme - Barends_2006_J.Biol.Chem_281_5804
Author(s) : Barends TR , Polderman-Tijmes JJ , Jekel PA , Williams C , Wybenga G , Janssen DB , Dijkstra BW
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 281 :5804 , 2006
Abstract :

The alpha-amino acid ester hydrolase (AEH) from Acetobacter turbidans is a bacterial enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis and synthesis of beta-lactam antibiotics. The crystal structures of the native enzyme, both unliganded and in complex with the hydrolysis product D-phenylglycine are reported, as well as the structures of an inactive mutant (S205A) complexed with the substrate ampicillin, and an active site mutant (Y206A) with an increased tendency to catalyze antibiotic production rather than hydrolysis. The structure of the native enzyme shows an acyl binding pocket, in which D-phenylglycine binds, and an additional space that is large enough to accommodate the beta-lactam moiety of an antibiotic. In the S205A mutant, ampicillin binds in this pocket in a non-productive manner, making extensive contacts with the side chain of Tyr(112), which also participates in oxyanion hole formation. In the Y206A mutant, the Tyr(112) side chain has moved with its hydroxyl group toward the catalytic serine. Because this changes the properties of the beta-lactam binding site, this could explain the increased beta-lactam transferase activity of this mutant.

PubMedSearch : Barends_2006_J.Biol.Chem_281_5804
PubMedID: 16377627
Gene_locus related to this paper: acepa-AEHA

Related information

Substrate D-Phenylglycine    Ampicillin
Gene_locus D-Phenylglycine    Ampicillin    acepa-AEHA
Structure D-Phenylglycine    Ampicillin    acepa-AEHA    2B9V    2B4K    1NX9    1RYY

Citations formats

Barends TR, Polderman-Tijmes JJ, Jekel PA, Williams C, Wybenga G, Janssen DB, Dijkstra BW (2006)
Acetobacter turbidans alpha-amino acid ester hydrolase: how a single mutation improves an antibiotic-producing enzyme
Journal of Biological Chemistry 281 :5804

Barends TR, Polderman-Tijmes JJ, Jekel PA, Williams C, Wybenga G, Janssen DB, Dijkstra BW (2006)
Journal of Biological Chemistry 281 :5804