Deora_2017_ACS.Chem.Neurosci_8_2667

Reference

Title : Multifunctional Analogs of Kynurenic Acid for the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease: Synthesis, Pharmacology, and Molecular Modeling Studies - Deora_2017_ACS.Chem.Neurosci_8_2667
Author(s) : Deora GS , Kantham S , Chan S , Dighe SN , Veliyath SK , McColl G , Parat MO , McGeary RP , Ross BP
Ref : ACS Chem Neurosci , 8 :2667 , 2017
Abstract : We report the synthesis and pharmacological investigation of analogs of the endogenous molecule kynurenic acid (KYNA) as multifunctional agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Synthesized KYNA analogs were tested for their N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor binding, mGluR5 binding and function, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging, interference with the amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) fibrillation process, and protection against Abeta-induced toxicity in transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans strain GMC101 expressing full-length Abeta42. Molecular modeling studies were also performed to predict the binding modes of most active compounds with NMDAR, mGluR5, and Abeta42. Among the synthesized analogs, 3c, 5b, and 5c emerged as multifunctional compounds that act via multiple anti-AD mechanisms including AChE inhibition, free radical scavenging, NMDA receptor binding, mGluR5 binding, inhibition of Abeta42 fibril formation, and disassembly of preformed Abeta42 fibrils. Interestingly, 5c showed protection against Abeta42-induced toxicity in transgenic C. elegans strain GMC101. Moreover, 5b and 5c displayed high permeability in an MDR1-MDCKII cell-based model of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Compound 3b emerged with specific activity as a micromolar AChE inhibitor, however it had low permeability in the BBB model. This study highlights the opportunities that exist to develop analogs of endogenous molecules from the kynurenine pathway for therapeutic uses.
ESTHER : Deora_2017_ACS.Chem.Neurosci_8_2667
PubMedSearch : Deora_2017_ACS.Chem.Neurosci_8_2667
PubMedID: 28825789

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Deora GS, Kantham S, Chan S, Dighe SN, Veliyath SK, McColl G, Parat MO, McGeary RP, Ross BP (2017)
Multifunctional Analogs of Kynurenic Acid for the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease: Synthesis, Pharmacology, and Molecular Modeling Studies
ACS Chem Neurosci 8 :2667

Deora GS, Kantham S, Chan S, Dighe SN, Veliyath SK, McColl G, Parat MO, McGeary RP, Ross BP (2017)
ACS Chem Neurosci 8 :2667