Deora GS

References (4)

Title : Effect of the Biphenyl Neolignan Honokiol on Abeta42-Induced Toxicity in Caenorhabditis elegans, Abeta42 Fibrillation, Cholinesterase Activity, DPPH Radicals, and Iron(II) Chelation - Kantham_2017_ACS.Chem.Neurosci_8_1901
Author(s) : Kantham S , Chan S , McColl G , Miles JA , Veliyath SK , Deora GS , Dighe SN , Khabbazi S , Parat MO , Ross BP
Ref : ACS Chem Neurosci , 8 :1901 , 2017
Abstract : The biphenyl neolignan honokiol is a neuroprotectant which has been proposed as a treatment for central nervous system disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). The death of cholinergic neurons in AD is attributed to multiple factors, including accumulation and fibrillation of amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) within the brain; metal ion toxicity; and oxidative stress. In this study, we used a transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans model expressing full length Abeta42 as a convenient in vivo system for examining the effect of honokiol against Abeta-induced toxicity. Furthermore, honokiol was evaluated for its ability to inhibit Abeta42 oligomerization and fibrillation; inhibit acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase; scavenge 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals; and chelate iron(II). Honokiol displayed activity similar to that of resveratrol and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in delaying Abeta42-induced paralysis in C. elegans, and it exhibited moderate-to-weak ability to inhibit Abeta42 on-pathway aggregation, inhibit cholinesterases, scavenge DPPH radicals, and chelate iron(II). Moreover, honokiol was found to be chemically stable relative to EGCG, which was highly unstable. Together with its good drug-likeness and brain availability, these results suggest that honokiol may be amenable to drug development and that the synthesis of honokiol analogues to optimize these properties should be considered.
ESTHER : Kantham_2017_ACS.Chem.Neurosci_8_1901
PubMedSearch : Kantham_2017_ACS.Chem.Neurosci_8_1901
PubMedID: 28650631

Title : Multifunctional Analogs of Kynurenic Acid for the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease: Synthesis, Pharmacology, and Molecular Modeling Studies - Deora_2017_ACS.Chem.Neurosci_8_2667
Author(s) : Deora GS , Kantham S , Chan S , Dighe SN , Veliyath SK , McColl G , Parat MO , McGeary RP , Ross BP
Ref : ACS Chem Neurosci , 8 :2667 , 2017
Abstract : We report the synthesis and pharmacological investigation of analogs of the endogenous molecule kynurenic acid (KYNA) as multifunctional agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Synthesized KYNA analogs were tested for their N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor binding, mGluR5 binding and function, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging, interference with the amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) fibrillation process, and protection against Abeta-induced toxicity in transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans strain GMC101 expressing full-length Abeta42. Molecular modeling studies were also performed to predict the binding modes of most active compounds with NMDAR, mGluR5, and Abeta42. Among the synthesized analogs, 3c, 5b, and 5c emerged as multifunctional compounds that act via multiple anti-AD mechanisms including AChE inhibition, free radical scavenging, NMDA receptor binding, mGluR5 binding, inhibition of Abeta42 fibril formation, and disassembly of preformed Abeta42 fibrils. Interestingly, 5c showed protection against Abeta42-induced toxicity in transgenic C. elegans strain GMC101. Moreover, 5b and 5c displayed high permeability in an MDR1-MDCKII cell-based model of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Compound 3b emerged with specific activity as a micromolar AChE inhibitor, however it had low permeability in the BBB model. This study highlights the opportunities that exist to develop analogs of endogenous molecules from the kynurenine pathway for therapeutic uses.
ESTHER : Deora_2017_ACS.Chem.Neurosci_8_2667
PubMedSearch : Deora_2017_ACS.Chem.Neurosci_8_2667
PubMedID: 28825789

Title : Discovery and Structure-Activity Relationships of a Highly Selective Butyrylcholinesterase Inhibitor by Structure-Based Virtual Screening - Dighe_2016_J.Med.Chem_59_7683
Author(s) : Dighe SN , Deora GS , De la Mora E , Nachon F , Chan S , Parat MO , Brazzolotto X , Ross BP
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 59 :7683 , 2016
Abstract : Structure-based virtual screening of two libraries containing 567981 molecules was used to discover novel, selective BuChE inhibitors, which are potentially superior symptomatic treatments in late-stage Alzheimer's disease. Compound 16 was identified as a highly selective submicromolar inhibitor of BuChE (huBuChE IC50 = 0.443 muM) with high permeability in the PAMPA-BBB model. The X-ray crystal structure of huBuChE in complex with 16 revealed the atomic-level interactions and offers opportunities for further development of the series.
ESTHER : Dighe_2016_J.Med.Chem_59_7683
PubMedSearch : Dighe_2016_J.Med.Chem_59_7683
PubMedID: 27405689
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-BCHE

Title : Novel hydrazine derivatives as selective DPP-IV inhibitors: findings from virtual screening and validation through molecular dynamics simulations - Tanwar_2014_J.Mol.Model_20_2118
Author(s) : Tanwar O , Deora GS , Tanwar L , Kumar G , Janardhan S , Alam MM , Shaquiquzzaman M , Akhter M
Ref : J Mol Model , 20 :2118 , 2014
Abstract : The present study demonstrates and validates the discovery of two novel hydrazine derivatives as selective dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors. Virtual screening (VS) of publicly available databases was performed using virtual screening workflow (VSW) of Schrodinger software against DPP-IV and the most promising hits were selected. Selectivity was further assessed by docking the hits against homology modeled structures of DPP8 and DPP9. Two novel hydrazine derivatives were selected for further studies based on their selectivity threshold. To assess their correct binding modes and stability of their complexes with enzyme, molecular dynamic (MD) simulation studies were performed against the DPP-IV protein and the results revealed that they had a better binding affinity towards DPP-IV as compared to DPP 8 and DPP 9. The binding poses were further validated by docking these ligands with different softwares (Glide and Gold). The proposed binding modes of hydrazines were found to be similar to sitagliptine and alogliptine. Thus, the study reveals the potential of hydrazine derivatives as highly selective DPP-IV inhibitors.
ESTHER : Tanwar_2014_J.Mol.Model_20_2118
PubMedSearch : Tanwar_2014_J.Mol.Model_20_2118
PubMedID: 24687332