Garcia-Garcia_2016_Life.Sci_145_274

Reference

Title : Occupational pesticide exposure and adverse health effects at the clinical, hematological and biochemical level - Garcia-Garcia_2016_Life.Sci_145_274
Author(s) : Garcia-Garcia CR , Parron T , Requena M , Alarcon R , Tsatsakis AM , Hernandez AF
Ref : Life Sciences , 145 :274 , 2016
Abstract :

AIMS: Although epidemiological studies have investigated associations between occupational pesticide exposures and different adverse health outcomes, they have rarely assessed individuals at two time-points of a same crop season with different pesticide use. MATERIAL AND
METHODS: Clinical symptoms, physical examination signs, hematological and clinical chemistry parameters were measured in 189 intensive agriculture workers and 91 healthy control subjects from Almeria coastline (Southeastern Spain) to evaluate potential effects of pesticide exposure. KEY FINDINGS: Greenhouse workers showed an increased risk of ocular and skin signs relative to controls at the period of high pesticide exposure (OR: 4.80 and 2.87, respectively); however, no differences were observed for clinical symptoms. A greater risk for ECG changes (OR: 3.35) and altered spirometry (OR: 5.02) was found at the period of low exposure. Erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase was significantly decreased in greenhouse workers relative to controls in both periods. Assessment of hematological parameters revealed increased counts of erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets and hemoglobin in greenhouse workers relative to controls, and also in the period of high versus low pesticide exposure. Changes in clinical chemistry parameters included decreased levels of glucose, creatinine, total cholesterol, triglyceride and alkaline phosphatase in greenhouse workers relative to controls; however, these parameters were raised in the period of high versus low pesticide exposure. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings suggest that chronic occupational exposure to pesticides of lower toxicity than former compounds under integrated production systems elicit mild toxic effects, particularly targeting the skin and eyes, as well as subtle subclinical (biochemical) changes of unknown long-term consequences.

PubMedSearch : Garcia-Garcia_2016_Life.Sci_145_274
PubMedID: 26475762

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Citations formats

Garcia-Garcia CR, Parron T, Requena M, Alarcon R, Tsatsakis AM, Hernandez AF (2016)
Occupational pesticide exposure and adverse health effects at the clinical, hematological and biochemical level
Life Sciences 145 :274

Garcia-Garcia CR, Parron T, Requena M, Alarcon R, Tsatsakis AM, Hernandez AF (2016)
Life Sciences 145 :274