Hori_2015_Neurodegener.Dis_15_175

Reference

Title : Demonstrating the Role of Anticholinergic Activity in a Mood Disorder - Hori_2015_Neurodegener.Dis_15_175
Author(s) : Hori K , Konishi K , Hanashi T , Tani M , Tomioka H , Kitajima Y , Akashi N , Inamoto A , Kurosawa K , Hasegawa S , Izuno T , Kikuchi N , Hosoi M , Hachisu M
Ref : Neurodegener Dis , 15 :175 , 2015
Abstract :

We report a case of a 54-year-old woman presenting with amnesia, apathy, work-related difficulties and mental stress. At presentation, her Mini-Mental State Examination score was 27 and her serum anticholinergic activity (SAA) was positive without medication or recent physical illnesses. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging revealed mild atrophy of the frontal and temporal lobes, with a relatively intact hippocampus. Consequently, we diagnosed mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's disease and prescribed a cholinesterase inhibitor (donepezil, 10 mg/day); her SAA fully disappeared and clinical symptoms partially resolved. Addition of duloxetine coupled with environmental adjustments caused her cognitive function to return to a normal level, so we diagnosed pseudodementia due to depression. In this case, we believe that the simultaneous cholinergic burden and mental stress led to positive SAA, which made it reasonable to prescribe a cholinesterase inhibitor to ameliorate the associated acetylcholine hypoactivity. We believe that it is essential to recognize the importance of prescribing a cholinesterase inhibitor for specific patients, even those with pseudodementia, to control their clinical symptoms. Moreover, SAA might be a useful biomarker for identifying this subgroup of patients. We propose that anticholinergic activity appears endogenously in mood disorders (depression and bipolar disorder) and set out our rationalization for this hypothesis. (c) 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

PubMedSearch : Hori_2015_Neurodegener.Dis_15_175
PubMedID: 26138496

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Citations formats

Hori K, Konishi K, Hanashi T, Tani M, Tomioka H, Kitajima Y, Akashi N, Inamoto A, Kurosawa K, Hasegawa S, Izuno T, Kikuchi N, Hosoi M, Hachisu M (2015)
Demonstrating the Role of Anticholinergic Activity in a Mood Disorder
Neurodegener Dis 15 :175

Hori K, Konishi K, Hanashi T, Tani M, Tomioka H, Kitajima Y, Akashi N, Inamoto A, Kurosawa K, Hasegawa S, Izuno T, Kikuchi N, Hosoi M, Hachisu M (2015)
Neurodegener Dis 15 :175