Kallendrusch_2012_PLoS.One_7_e51208

Reference

Title : Intrinsic up-regulation of 2-AG favors an area specific neuronal survival in different in vitro models of neuronal damage - Kallendrusch_2012_PLoS.One_7_e51208
Author(s) : Kallendrusch S , Hobusch C , Ehrlich A , Nowicki M , Ziebell S , Bechmann I , Geisslinger G , Koch M , Dehghani F
Ref : PLoS ONE , 7 :e51208 , 2012
Abstract :

BACKGROUND: The endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) acts as a retrograde messenger and modulates synaptic signaling e. g. in the hippocampus. 2-AG also exerts neuroprotective effects under pathological situations. To better understand the mechanism beyond physiological signaling we used Organotypic Entorhino-Hippocampal Slice Cultures (OHSC) and investigated the temporal regulation of 2-AG in different cell subsets during excitotoxic lesion and dendritic lesion of long range projections in the enthorhinal cortex (EC), dentate gyrus (DG) and the cornu ammonis region 1 (CA1).
RESULTS: 2-AG levels were elevated 24 h after excitotoxic lesion in CA1 and DG (but not EC) and 24 h after perforant pathway transection (PPT) in the DG only. After PPT diacylglycerol lipase alpha (DAGL) protein, the synthesizing enzyme of 2-AG was decreased when Dagl mRNA expression and 2-AG levels were enhanced. In contrast to DAGL, the 2-AG hydrolyzing enzyme monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) showed no alterations in total protein and mRNA expression after PPT in OHSC. MAGL immunoreaction underwent a redistribution after PPT and excitotoxic lesion since MAGL IR disappeared in astrocytes of lesioned OHSC. DAGL and MAGL immunoreactions were not detectable in microglia at all investigated time points. Thus, induction of the neuroprotective endocannabinoid 2-AG might be generally accomplished by down-regulation of MAGL in astrocytes after neuronal lesions. CONCLUSION: Increase in 2-AG levels during secondary neuronal damage reflects a general neuroprotective mechanism since it occurred independently in both different lesion models. This intrinsic up-regulation of 2-AG is synergistically controlled by DAGL and MAGL in neurons and astrocytes and thus represents a protective system for neurons that is involved in dendritic reorganisation.

PubMedSearch : Kallendrusch_2012_PLoS.One_7_e51208
PubMedID: 23284665

Related information

Citations formats

Kallendrusch S, Hobusch C, Ehrlich A, Nowicki M, Ziebell S, Bechmann I, Geisslinger G, Koch M, Dehghani F (2012)
Intrinsic up-regulation of 2-AG favors an area specific neuronal survival in different in vitro models of neuronal damage
PLoS ONE 7 :e51208

Kallendrusch S, Hobusch C, Ehrlich A, Nowicki M, Ziebell S, Bechmann I, Geisslinger G, Koch M, Dehghani F (2012)
PLoS ONE 7 :e51208