Kim_2003_Mol.Cells_15_208

Reference

Title : Cloning, mutagenesis, and expression of the acetylcholinesterase gene from a strain of Musca domestica\; the change from a drug-resistant to a sensitive enzyme - Kim_2003_Mol.Cells_15_208
Author(s) : Kim CS , Kim WT , Boo KS , Kim SI
Ref : Mol Cells , 15 :208 , 2003
Abstract : Insect acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is known to be a primary target of organophosphorus and carbamate insecticides. However chronic exposure to these chemicals has led to resistance to applied insecticides, due usually to mutation of the AChE gene. Analysis of the AChE gene (hm) of Musca domestica (the housefly), which is cloned in this report, reveals the relationship between mutation and insecticide resistance. The 2,076 bp hm encodes a mature protein of 612 amino acids (67 kDa), and an 80 residue signal peptide. Unlike the enzyme of 'sensitive' strains, the AChE used in this study was resistant to the organophosphorus insecticide, trichlorphon. DNA sequencing showed that this AChE is identical to that of the sensitive strains with the exception of three amino acids Met-82, Ala-262, and Tyr-327. Site-directed mutagenesis of the Ala-262 and Tyr-327 residues largely restored sensitivity to the insecticide, suggesting that these two residues are the key structural elements controlling sensitivity. In addition to these residues, Glu-234 and Ala-236 in the conserved sequence FGESAG are thought to play a role in modulating sensitivity to organophosphorus insecticides.
ESTHER : Kim_2003_Mol.Cells_15_208
PubMedSearch : Kim_2003_Mol.Cells_15_208
PubMedID: 12803484
Gene_locus related to this paper: musdo-ACHE

Related information

Gene_locus related to this paper: musdo-ACHE

Citations formats

Kim CS, Kim WT, Boo KS, Kim SI (2003)
Cloning, mutagenesis, and expression of the acetylcholinesterase gene from a strain of Musca domestica\; the change from a drug-resistant to a sensitive enzyme
Mol Cells 15 :208

Kim CS, Kim WT, Boo KS, Kim SI (2003)
Mol Cells 15 :208