Mandrich_2002_J.Biol.Chem_277_48241

Reference

Title : The Aes protein and the monomeric alpha-galactosidase from Escherichia coli form a non-covalent complex. Implications for the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism - Mandrich_2002_J.Biol.Chem_277_48241
Author(s) : Mandrich L , Caputo E , Martin BM , Rossi M , Manco G
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 277 :48241 , 2002
Abstract :

Aes, a 36-kDa acetylesterase from Escherichia coli, belongs to the hormone-sensitive lipase family, and it is involved in the regulation of MalT, the transcriptional activator of the maltose regulon. The activity of MalT is depressed through a direct protein-protein interaction with Aes. Although the effect is clear-cut, the meaning of this interaction and the conditions that trigger it still remain elusive. To perform a comparative thermodynamic study between the mesophilic Aes protein and two homologous thermostable enzymes, Aes was overexpressed in E. coli and purified. At the last step of the purification procedure the enzyme was eluted from a Mono Q HR 5/5 column as a major form migrating, anomalously, at 56 kDa on a calibrated Superdex 75 column. A minor peak that contains the Aes protein and a polypeptide of 50 kDa was also detected. By a combined analysis of size-exclusion chromatography and surface-enhanced laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry, it was possible to demonstrate the presence in this peak of a stable 87-kDa complex, containing the Aes protein itself and the 50-kDa polypeptide in a 1:1 ratio. The homodimeric molecular species of Aes and of the 50-kDa polypeptide were also detected. The esterase activity associated with the 87-kDa complex, when assayed with p-nitrophenyl butanoate as substrate, proved 6-fold higher than the activity of the major Aes form of 56 kDa. Amino-terminal sequencing highlighted that the 50-kDa partner of Aes in the complex was the alpha-galactosidase from E. coli. The E. coli cells harboring plasmid pT7-SCII-aes and, therefore, expressing Aes were hampered in their growth on a minimal medium containing raffinose as a sole carbon source. Because alpha-galactosidase is involved in the metabolism of raffinose, the above findings suggest a potential role of Aes in the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism in E. coli.

PubMedSearch : Mandrich_2002_J.Biol.Chem_277_48241
PubMedID: 12374803
Gene_locus related to this paper: ecoli-Aes

Related information

Gene_locus ecoli-Aes
Family ecoli-Aes    Acetyl_esterase

Citations formats

Mandrich L, Caputo E, Martin BM, Rossi M, Manco G (2002)
The Aes protein and the monomeric alpha-galactosidase from Escherichia coli form a non-covalent complex. Implications for the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism
Journal of Biological Chemistry 277 :48241

Mandrich L, Caputo E, Martin BM, Rossi M, Manco G (2002)
Journal of Biological Chemistry 277 :48241